Ministry of Coal Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Ministry of Coal has launched Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System (CMSMS) and Mobile Application ‘Khan Prahari’. The CMSMS and the mobile app have been developed by CMPDI, Ranchi a Subsidiary of CIL and Bhaskarcharya Institute of Space Application and Geo-informatics (BISAG).
Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System (CMSMS)
The CMSMS is web based GIS application through which location of sites for unauthorised mining can be detected. Its objective is reporting, monitoring and taking suitable action on unauthorised coal mining activities. The basic platform used in the system is of Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology’s (MeiTY) map which provides village level information. The leasehold boundary of all coal mines are displayed on this map. The system uses satellite data to detect changes by which unauthorised mining activity extending beyond allotted lease area to take suitable action. It also uses information provided by responsible citizens using smartphones using Khan Prahari mobile app.
It is tool used for reporting any activity taking place related to illegal coal mining like rat hole mining, pilferage etc. Using it, one can upload geo-tagged photographs of incident along with textual information directly to system. It uses both satellite data and human information to capture information on unauthorised mining activities. Once incident is reported through this app, information will be automatically directed to nodal officers to take suitable action on those activities. The complainant can also track his complaint through it without identity being revealed.
The Ministry of Coal has launched UTTAM (Unlocking Transparency by Third Party Assessment of Mined Coal) Application for coal quality monitoring. The app aims to ensure transparency and efficiency in coal quality monitoring process and bring coal governance closer to people.
The app has been jointly developed by Ministry of Coal and Coal India Limited (CIL). The app has been designed for active participation of citizens as stakeholders in the coal ecosystem. The app seeks to monitor the process of Third Party Sampling of coal and coal dispatches across all the CIL subsidiaries. It will facilitate bidirectional channel between CIL and a common citizen.
The app provides coverage of Third Party Sampling which includes information on production, dispatch and quantity sampled of coal. It has interactive map based view to provide holistic coverage of coal quality across subsidiaries on quality parameters such as declared Gross Calorific Value (GCV), analysed GCV and coverage parameters such as location and quantity sampled.
The information provided by app will help citizens and coal consumers to compare and assess coal quality. It will provide proper mapping of grade of coal dispatched to the consumers. It also presents latest quantity sampled in of coal power and non-power sector, bringing transparency in coal quality assessment system.