Ministry of Commerce Current Affairs - 2020
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India has found problems with the current methodology adopted by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) under its Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI) to rank countries.
- About: A study commissioned by Indian Ministry of Commerce found that OECD index, the STRI has a several problems associated with it, which also includes some significant design issues that render the index impractical for use.
- Issues: As per India the outcomes of STRI are biased and counter-intuitive.
- The initial work suggests that there are both empirical and theoretical inconsistencies in STRI’s methodology.
- The data generated by OECD’s methodology seems to have been through arbitrary procedures and reflects being bias towards developed country.
- It shows Indian services sector as highly restrictive in areas such as FDI.
- Impractical: For instance, STRI seems to show the services sector in India as one of the most restrictive in world, particularly in policy areas like foreign entry, FDI etc. This is astonishing as since 1991, following the LPG reforms the one area that has seen maximum liberalisation in India is Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).
- India’s Approach: India is trying to build a consensus around adopting a new method of measuring trade restrictiveness in services sector. For this India approached several developing countries during recently-concluded WTO Ministerial talks held in New Delhi. It has also approached South Africa, Indonesia, China, Turkey and Brazil.
- India’s Argument: Unlike manufacturing trade which has a well-documented system of classification of commodities, the problem in services, is that for a long time there was not any way to find that whether a country’s service trade policies were restrictive.
- Also, even if it was ascertain as restrictive it was not known that what to do about it since services trade is usually regulated by domestic regulations and not border tariffs.
- It was launched in 2014, by The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
- It purpose is to rank countries based on their services trade policies.
- STRI (computed by OECD) is now available for year 2018. It includes a total of 45 economies (with 36 OECD and the rest non-OECD) and 22 sectors. These countries and sectors undertaken represent more than 80% of global trade in services.
Tags: FDI • Foreign Direct Investment • Liberalisation • LPG Reforms • Ministry of Commerce
India which is the largest producer and consumer of milk has extended the ban on import of milk products from China for 4 months. The ban would continue till 23rd April 2019 as per the notification issued by the Ministry of Commerce.
The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), an arm of the commerce ministry which deals with the norms related to exports and imports of the country in a statement has said that “Prohibition on import of milk, milk products (including chocolates, chocolate products, candies, confectionary food preparations with milk or milk solids as an ingredient) from China is extended for a further period of four months, i.e. till April 23, 2019, or until further orders”.
Why the Ban?
The ban was primarily imposed due to the concerns about the presence of melamine in some of the milk consignments from China. Melamine is a toxic non-edible chemical used for making plastics and fertilisers. Even though India does not import milk products from China, the ban is imposed as a preventive measure.