Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation Current Affairs - 2020

National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19

The National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19 was conducted by an Independent Verification Agency under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen).

Findings of the Survey

  • 93.1 per cent of households in rural India have access to toilets during the survey period and 96.5 per cent of those who had access to toilets uses them.
  • The Survey re-confirmed the open defecation free (ODF) status of 90.7 per cent villages which were declared so by various districts and states and remaining villages also had sanitation coverage of about 93 per cent.
  • 95.4 per cent of the villages surveyed were found to have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water.

Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin

As per the data from the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation which is the implementing ministry of Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin, about 500 million people have stopped defecating in the open. As a result, the number of people defecating in open is down from 550 million at the beginning of the programme to less than 50 million today.

Under the Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin,  9 crore toilets have been built across rural India under the Mission. Under the Mission over 5.5 lakh villages and 615 districts have been declared ODF, along with 30 ODF States and Union Territories.

Swachh Shakti 2019

The Swachh Shakti 2019, a convention of Women Sarpanches was held at Kurukshetra in Haryana. The convention was inaugurated by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The Prime Minister also distributed the Swachh Shakti 2019 awards on the occasion.

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation in association with the Govt. of Haryana had organized the Swachh Shakti-2019.

Swachh Shakti-2019 showcased the best practices from grass root level in the rural areas for Swachh Bharat, the achievements of Swachh Bharat Mission and  Swachh Sunder Shauchalay campaign.

Swachh Shakti

Swachh Shakti is a national event which aims to bring in to focus the leadership role played by rural women in Swachh Bharat Mission.

Swachh Shakti convention is part of ongoing activities under the aegis of the Swachh Bharat Mission, launched on October 2nd, 2014, by the Prime Minister Narendra Mode aimed at achieving a Clean and Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2nd October 2019.

The Swachh Shakti program was launched by the PM Modi in 2017 at Gandhinagar, Gujarat. The Second Swachh Shakti convention was held at Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh in 2018.

The Swachh Shakti convention aims to showcase how at the grass root level, rural women champions are acting as a change agent to mobilize the community and lead from the front women taking initiatives for a Swachh Bharat.