Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation Current Affairs - 2019

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Gandhian Thought and Swachhata Seminar Organized in Wardha

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has organised a seminar on Gandhian thoughts and Swachhta to make India a Swacch Bharat by 2019 -150 the birthday celebration of Mahatma Gandhi.

  • It was being organized in the Wardha district of Maharastra with a focus on achievement of the objectives of sanitation and Gandhian thoughts via Swacch Bharat Mission.
  • The topics for address in the seminar were appropriate technologies in rural sanitation, organic waste management, and preventive sanitation.
  • Gandhi’s concept of Swachh evam Swawalambhi Sankul was the main focus of the seminar.
  • The seminar ended with a visit to Sevagram Ashram to gain experience from Gandhiji’s life.

Key facts about Swacch Bharat Mission

It is a program launched by Indian prime minister to make India Swacchh by 2019 which is the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) was launched on 2 October 2014 with two submissions, SBA (gramin) and SBA (urban). The mission is jointly managed Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) (for gramin) and the Ministry of Urban Development (for urban).

  • The mission has components like Construction of Household Toilets, Community and Public Toilets, Solid Waste Management, Information, Education & Communication (IEC) and Public Awareness, Capacity Building and Administrative & Office Expenses (A&OE).
  • The mission has well managed to reach great sanitation level in three years of launch.

It is a massive Jan Andolan (people’s movement) and the rural sanitation coverage having increased from 39%, at the launch of the SBM in 2014, to over 95% today.

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Swachh Survekshan Grameen Awards 2018: Haryana ranked Best State, Satara District of Maharashtra ranked Best District

Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently conferred Swachh Survekshan Grameen Awards 2018 to top ranked states and districts. Haryana was ranked as best State, Satara District of Maharashtra was ranked as best district. Uttar Pradesh was rewarded for maximum citizens’ participation.

The awards were given at concluding session of Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention at Rahtrapati Bhawan Cultural Centre. The rankings were based on the National Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2018 of the Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.

Overall Ranking

  • Top 3 States: Haryana (1st), Gujarat (2nd) and Maharashtra (3rd).
  • Top 3 Districts: Satara (Maharashtra), Rewari (Haryana) and Pedapalli (Telangana).
  • States with maximum citizen participation: Uttar Pradesh (1st), Gujarat (2nd) and Maharashtra (3rd).
  • Districts with maximum citizens’ participation: Nashik (Maharashtra), Solapur (Maharashtra) and Chittorgarh (Rajasthan).

Zonal Ranking – Top 3 States

  • Northern: Haryana (1st), Rajasthan (2nd) and Himachal Pradesh (3rd).
  • Southern: Andhra Pradesh (1st), Telangana (2nd) and Karnataka (3rd).
  • Eastern: Chhattisgarh (1st), West Bengal (2nd) and Jharkhand (3rd).
  • Western: Gujarat (1st), Maharashtra (2nd) and Madhya Pradesh (3rd).
  • North-East: Sikkim (1st), Mizoram (2nd) and Meghalaya (3rd).
  • Union Territories: Dadar & Nagar Haveli (1st), Daman & Diu (2nd) and Chandigarh (3rd).

Zonal Ranking – Top 3 Districts

  • Northern: Rewari (Haryana), Gurgaon (Haryana) and Karnal (Haryana).
  • Southern: Peddapalli (Telangana), Thoothukudi (Tamil Nadu) and Warangal (Telangana).
  • Eastern: Surajpur (Chhattisgarh), Surguja (Chhattisgarh) and Hazaribagh (Jharkhand).
  • Western: Satara (Maharashtra), Patan (Gujarat) and Nashik (Maharashtra).
  • North-East: Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh), Aizawl (Mizoram), East Sikkim (Sikkim).
  • Union Territories: Dadar & Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu.

Background

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation had commissioned Swachh Survekshan Grameen-2018 (SSG 2018) through an independent survey agency to develop ranking of all districts of India on the basis of quantitative and qualitative sanitation (Swachhata) parameters. This ranking was done based on a comprehensive set of parameters including surveys of public places like schools, Anganwadis, PHCs, Bazaars, Panchayat. It also took into consideration citizen’s perception of Swachhata and their recommendations for improvement of program and data from SBM-G. As part of this survey, 6786 villages in 685 districts across India were covered. 27,963 public places namely anganwadis, schools, PHCs, bazaars and religious places in these villages were visited by an independent agency for survey.

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