Ministry of Earth Sciences Current Affairs - 2020

India to Host International Geological Congress 2020

India is set to host the 36th International Geological Congress (IGC) in New Delhi during the first week of March 2020. The theme for next year conference is ‘Geosciences: The Basic Science for a Sustainable Development’.

About International Geological Congress (IGC)

It is popularly described as ‘Olympics of Geosciences’. The IGCs are a prestigious global geoscientific events held once in four years and participated by nearly 5000-6000 geoscientists from all across the world.

IGC 2020: The 36th IGC is expected to provide a platform for international cooperation in all major field of geosciences including launching of collaborative programs, provision of investment opportunities in environmental management, mineral exploration, mining and related enterprises. It would also help in dealing with problems of sustainability, energy crisis, water crisis, climate change, environmental issues and resource management.

Geological Survey of India is the nodal agency for organizing the IGC 2020. The event is being funded by Union Ministry of Mines (MoM) and Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) with support of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA) and National Science Academies of Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

India and IGC: India is the only Asian country to host the IGC event twice. India had earlier hosted the event for the first time in 1964, which was 22nd IGC. The event was inaugurated by then President of India Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. The IGC is making a comeback to India after 56 long years much to the enthusiasm of the entire geoscientific community.

‘Red Atlas Action Plan Map’ unveiled for flood mitigation in Chennai

Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu unveiled the ‘Red Atlas Action Plan Map’ atlas and the ‘Coastal Flood Warning System App (CFLOWS-Chennai)’ for flood mitigation in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Both the atlas and the CFLOWS-Chennai are intended as decision support systems covering aspects, including preparedness and prevention. Such initiatives to effectively tackle urban flooding are likely to be replicated in other Indian cities including Mumbai, Maharashtra.

What is Red Atlas Action Plan Map?

It is a first of its kind ready reckoner map, prepared by Union Ministry of Earth Sciences to aid state government of Tamil Nadu in effective flood mitigation in Chennai which witnessed the worst deluge in 2015.

The atlas is aimed at flood mitigation, preparedness, operations and management aspects. The manual besides showcasing the probable scenarios for different rainfall periods also provides information on corporation wards that are likely to be affected due to flooding, and the areas that may need evacuation in Chennai by taking into account all historical datasets.

The over 200-page atlas was prepared by the India Meteorological Department (IMD), National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR) and National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) in association with TN State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) and Greater Chennai Corporation. Also, the office of the Principal Scientific Advisor (PSA) to Centre government, IIT-Bombay, IIT Madras and Institute of Remote Sensing of Anna University participated from the academia.

What is ‘Coastal Flood Warning System App (CFLOWS-Chennai)’?

The CFLOWS-Chennai is a complete webGIS-based decision support system. It can be used both for mitigation planning operations before flooding as well as in real time to for aspects like relief work.

CFLOWS is an integrated system that involves coupling models of regional weather forecasts, storm surges and captures about 796 flood scenarios.