Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology Current Affairs - 2020
A comprehensive training strategy called National Training Workshop of Master Trainers to impart training to trainers engaged in upcoming 7th Economic Census was held at Indian Habitat Center in the New Delhi. It was organized by Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI).
- Objective: to impart training to Master trainers (enumerators and supervisors) engaged in Seventh Economic Census (7th EC).
- Implementing Agency:Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI) has partnered with Common Service Centre, CSC e-Governance Services India Limited (CSC SPV), a Special Purpose Vehicle under Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) for implementation.
- Training: The participants were trained on key concepts and definitions, processes, digital platform and application to be used for enumeration (supervision and data capture) in field during 7th Economic census.
- Reason: An Information Technology (IT) based digital platform for validation, data capture, report generation and distribution will be used in upcoming Economic Census. The fieldwork for 7th EC will be commencing from June 2019.
- 7th Economic Census 2019: It is being conducted by MoSPI to provide disaggregated information (numerical or non-numerical information collected from multiple sources) on various structural and operational aspects of all establishments in country. After the National Training Workshop of Master Trainers in New Delhi similar exercise will be undertaken across India. During month of May and June 2019 over 6000 State and District level training workshops will be organized.
About Economic Censuses
- It is a complete count of all establishments and units located within geographical boundaries of country.
- Background: The first Economic Census was undertaken in 1977. The 2nd edition was carried out in 1980 followed by 3rd EC in 1990. The 4th EC took place in 1998 while 5th EC was held in 2005. The Sixth edition of Economic Census was conducted in 2013.
- Objective: It provides detailed information on operational and economic variables, activity wise, and other characteristics like number of establishments, type of ownership, source of finance, number of persons employed, etc. The details about establishments across country include their distribution at all-India, State, district, village and ward levels. This is used for comprehensive analysis of structure of economy (macro, micro, regional levels) and for benchmark purposes.
- Significance: The database so collected also serves as a sampling frame for drawing samples for socio economic surveys by Government and research organizations. This information is used for micro level or decentralized planning and to assess contribution of various sectors of economy in gross domestic product (GDP).
Tags: 7th Economic Census 2019 • Common Service Centre’ • CSC SPV • Economic Censuses • Indian Habitat Center
Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has issued draft ‘National Policy on Electronics 2018’ (NPE 2018) for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) Sector of India. It sets ambitious target of creating $400 billion electronics manufacturing industry by 2025, with mobile phone devices segment accounting for three-fourths of production.
Draft National Policy on Electronics (NPE)
Draft NPE aims to promote domestic manufacturing in entire value-chain of ESDM sector for spur economic development in the country. It also aims to double the target of mobile phone production from 500 million units in 2019 to 1 billion by 2025 to meet objective.
It replaces existing incentive schemes like Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS), with schemes that are easier to implement such as interest subsidy and credit default guarantee etc. It also takes into consideration interest subsidy and credit default guarantee in order to encourage new units and in expansion of existing units in electronics manufacturing sector.
The set target of $400 billion turnover under it, includes targeted production of 1 billion mobile handsets by 2025, valued at $190 billion (approximately Rs. 13 lakh crore) and also 600 million mobile handsets valued at $110 billion (approximately Rs. 7 lakh crore) for export.
It also proposes to push development of core competencies in all sub-sectors of electronics including electronic components and semiconductors, automotive electronics, defence electronics, industrial electronics, strategic electronics etc. It also proposes to set up 20 greenfield and three brownfield electronic manufacturing cluster projects have been sanctioned with project outlay of Rs 3,898 crore, including Rs 1,577 crore from Central Government.
It proposes suitable direct tax benefits, including inter-alia investment-linked deduction under Income Tax (IT) Act for electronics manufacturing sector, for setting up of new manufacturing unit or expansion of an existing unit. The proposal includes increasing tax benefits on expenditure incurred on R&D, enhancing rate of duty drawback for electronics sector, reimbursement of state levies and other levies for which input tax credit is not available, allowing duty free import of second-hand capital goods for electronics hardware manufacturing etc. It also proposes cess on select electronic goods resources to promote certain critical sub-sectors of electronic manufacturing such as semiconductor wafer fabrication and display fabrication units.