Ministry of Environment Forests and Climate Change Current Affairs - 2019

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Northeast States crowds list of states with most Dense Tree, Forest Cover

According to recent information provided by Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) to Parliament, Northeast crowds list of states with most dense tree and forest cover in the country. It was based on assessment of forest and tree cover are done by Forest Survey of India (FSI), whose findings are published in India State of Forest Report (ISFR). The last report was published in 2017.

Key Findings of Report

Total forest cover: Quarter of India’s geographical area (24.49 %) is under forest and tree cover.

Lowest forest and tree cover: It is in Haryana, at 6.79 % of its geographical area, followed by Punjab (6.87 %), Rajasthan (7.26%).

Highest forest and tree cover: Union Territory of Lakshadweep has 97% of its geographical area of total 30 square km under forest and tree cover. Among six states with highest forest and tree cover, four are in Northeast India viz. Mizoram (88.84%), Arunachal Pradesh (80.93%), Meghalaya (79.37%) and Manipur (78.68%). Goa and Kerala are two other states which have more than 50 % of their geographical area under forest and tree cover.

Highest forest and tree cover (In terms of area): Madhya Pradesh with total 85,487 sq km has highest tree and forest cover in India in terms of geographical area.

India’s forest-Certification Scheme gets Global Recognition

The council of Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) has decided to recognised forest-certification scheme developed specifically for Indian forests by Network for Certification and Conservation of Forests (NCCF), an Indian non-profit.

The Certification Standard for Sustainable Forest Management developed by NCCF is the first forest-certification scheme from India to get global recognition.

Certification Standard for Sustainable Forest Management

Certification Standard for Sustainable Forest Management was developed through a multi-stakeholder Standard Development Group (SDG) which involved professional foresters,  forestry research and academic institutions of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (ICFRE and IIFM), business groups, forest-based industries, NGOs (social and environment related), workers and trade unions, and many more.

The Standards evolved were India specific and was based on key elements of existing models in India such as the Bhopal India Process of the IIFM, the National Working Plan Code and the provisions contained in the National Forest Policy for the promotion of afforestation, sustainable utilization of forest products and growth of the forest-based industries.

NCCF is a non-profit organisation came into existence in January 2015 as a Society to have a globally aligned certification program developed within India and address the concerns for sustainable management of forests and the plantations, while at the same time making the Indian wood and forest fibre based industry competent globally.

Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification

Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) is the world’s largest forest certification system which seeks to transform the way forests are managed globally and locally to ensure that all of us can enjoy the environmental, social and economic benefits that forests offer.