Ministry of Human Resources Development Current Affairs - 2019
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The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has issued new guidelines for Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS). The new guidelines are issued as part of an attempt by the MSDE to re-energize and reinvigorate the Jan Shikshan Sansthans. The highlights of these guidelines are:
- Alignment of JSS course and curriculum with National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) to standardize training.
- Decentralization of powers for JSSs by providing accountability and independence to district administration.
- To identify and promote traditional skills in the district through skilling / upskilling.
- Evidence-based assessment system.
- Easy Online certification.
- Linking JSS to Public Finance Management system to maintain transparency and accountability of the ecosystem.
- Creating livelihood linkages.
- Training of Trainers to develop the capacity through National Skills Training Institutes.
Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS)
Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS) were established to provide vocational training to non-literate, neo-literate, as well as school dropouts by identifying skills as would have a market in the region of their establishment. The scope of the JSS includes:
- Developing an appropriate curriculum and training modules covering vocational elements of general awareness and life enrichment components.
- Training equivalent to courses designed by the Directorate of Adult education, National Institute of Open Schooling and Director General Employment & Training.
- Provide training to a pool of resource persons and master trainers for conducting training and also the availability of infrastructure and training – specific equipment.
- Administer simple tests and award certificates
- Network with employers and industries for trainees to get suitable placements.
Previously under the Ministry of Human Resources Development, the JSS’s are now working under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has also launched a new portal www.jss.gov.in which will furnish information on action plans, database of beneficiaries and stakeholders, details of finance and expenditure and other ongoing developments along with public log-in access.
The Ministry of Human Resources Development (HRD) in collaboration with Ministry of External Affairs has approved ‘Study in India’ programme to attract foreign students to pursue higher education in India. The programme is similar to initiative launched by Australia, Malaysia, Singapore and Canada. It aims at boosting country’s share of international students and subsequently, improve global reputation and rankings of Indian educational institutions.
Study in India programme
- Encourage more foreign students to choose India as destination for higher education.
- Double India’s market share of global education exports from less than 1% to 2%.
- Improve global ranking of Indian educational institutes.
The programme will provide meritorious foreign students fee waiver and scholarship. It will target students from 30 countries, primarily in Asia and Africa, including Nepal, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, Kazakhstan, Nigeria, Malaysia, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Kuwait, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Rwanda, among others.
Government will offer complete fee waiver to top 25% meritorious applicants, 50% fee waiver to the next 25% applicants and 25% waiver to the next 25% foreign students. The proposed fee waiver and scholarship will be decided by institute concerned based on predefined structure. The institutes concerned will bear expenditure on fee waiver based on cross-subsidisation or through its existing funding. The seats for foreign students will not affect number of seats which are meant for Indian students in any educational institute.
The government, at present, permits provision of 10% to 15% supernumerary seats for foreign students in higher education. This provision remains largely underutilised across universities and colleges. Currently, India is home to about 45,000 international students, which accounts for just 1% of global student mobility. It was one the reason for Indian institutes lower global rankings. By launching Study in India programme, government hopes to attract 1.5 lakh to 2 lakh international students by 2022.