Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Current Affairs

Government declares national targets for off-shore wind power: 5 GW by 2022 and 30 GW by 2030

The Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has declared medium (5 GW by 2022) and long-term (30 GW by 2030) targets for offshore wind power capacity addition. The offshore wind power will add new element to already existing basket of renewable energy of the country.

Key Facts

The target set for offshore wind power is moderate in comparison to on-shore wind target of 60 GW and its achievement of 34 GW and solar target of 100 GW by 2022. This is mainly because of challenges considering difficulties in installing large wind power turbines in open seas. Moreover, offshore wind turbines are of much larger dimensions and capacities than onshore turbines.

Globally the installation capacity of off-shore wind power is about 17 to 18 GW. It led by countries such as UK, Germany, Denmark, Netherlands & China. Recent years have witnessed fall in off-shore wind tariff in some of these markets.

Background

MNRE had notified National Offshore Wind Energy Policy in October 2015 for this sector. Under it, Chennai based National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE) was designated nodal agency to carry out necessary studies and surveys before final bidding of offshore wind project sites. It also serves as single window for facilitating necessary clearances required for development of offshore wind projects.

NIWE had identified southern tip of Indian peninsula and west coast with good potential for off-shore wind power. Moreover, preliminary studies were conducted are off coast of Gujarat and that of Tamil Nadu for development of offshore wind power projects. It had had installed India’s first offshore LiDAR in Gulf of Khambhat for measurement of wind resource and is collecting wind speed data from November 2017.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018

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Government issues National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has issued National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy with an aim to boost renewable power generation by promoting new projects as well as hybridisation of existing ones. Government is also going to launch scheme for new hybrid projects under this policy.

Features of the Policy

Objectives of policy: Provide comprehensive framework for promotion of large grid connected wind-solar Photo Voltaic (PV) hybrid system for efficient utilization of transmission infrastructure and land. Reduce variability in renewable power generation and achieving better grid stability. Encourage new technologies, methods and way-outs involving combined operation of wind and solar PV plants.

Flexibility in share of wind and solar components: It has been provided in hybrid project, subject to condition that, rated power capacity of one resource be at least 25% of rated power capacity of other resource for it to be recognised hybrid project.

Technology front: Policy provides for integration of both energy sources i.e. wind and solar at alternating current (AC) as well as direct current (DC) level.

Hybrid projects: The policy seeks to promote new hybrid projects as well as hybridisation of existing wind and solar projects. It allows hybridisation of existing projects (wind or solar) with higher transmission capacity than sanctioned one, subject to availability of margin in existing transmission capacity.

Procurement of power:  It will be on tariff based transparent bidding process for which Government entities may invite bids.

Use of battery storage: The policy permits use of battery storage in hybrid project for optimising output and reduce variability.

Standards and regulations: It mandates the regulatory authorities to formulate necessary standards and regulations for wind-solar hybrid systems.

Background

The Union government has set ambitious target of achieving 175 GigaWatt (GW) of installed capacity from renewable energy sources by 2022, which includes 100 GW of solar and 60 GW of wind power capacity. The total renewable power installed capacity in the country stood at about 70 GW in financial year 2017-18. There have been significant capacity additions in renewables in recent years and hybrid energy will further help in better utilisation of resources.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018

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