Ministry of Rural Development Current Affairs - 2020

GoI to create 75 lakh Self Help Group by 2022

On March 8, 2020, Minister of Rural Development Narendra Singh Tomar announced that more than 17 lakh Self Help Groups (SHGs) are to be developed by 2022. Currently, there are more than 60 lakh self help groups in the country mobilizing 6 crore women.

Highlights

The Self-Help Groups will be provided funds for their livelihood missions. They will be linked with banks for easy credit flow. The platforms such as E-Marketplace will also be linked with the SHGs to provide better prices for their products.

Self Help Groups

The concept of Self-Help Groups was introduced in 1992 under the guidelines of RBI and NABARD. Today, more than 90% of SHGs in the country consist of women.

Why SHGs?

The SHGs help to promote Gender Equity, Social Integrity, Financial Inclusion and help raise voice of marginalized section. It also helps to improve efficiency of Government Schemes.

The “Kudumbashree” project in Kerala is the largest and most successful SHG project in the country that was launched in Kerala. It is a SHG of the State Government. It was launched in 1998.

J&K achieves highest road length in country under PMGSY in 2019

During the current fiscal year so far, the Jammu and Kashmir has achieved the highest road length in country under Centre’s rural roads’ programme of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), a centrally-sponsored scheme under the Union Ministry of Rural Development. This significant accomplishment involves completion of around 11,400 kilometres of different road projects covering 1,838 habitations against the total sanctioned length of 19,700 kilometres against sanctioned 2,214 habitations.

About Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

It is Centre government’s mega flagship programme with the main objective of providing good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected rural areas in the country. It is being implemented in J&K by Public Works (Roads and Buildings) Department of the Union Territory.

Funds: Under the Central Road Fund, 88 schemes have been completed, including 22 bridges and 66 roads, with a target set for completion of 25 such schemes for the current fiscal year. Under NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development) funding, a total of 518 works were approved out of which 147 have been completed while 34 works have been targeted for completion during current fiscal year. The central government has released funds under the Prime Minister’s Development Programme (PMDP) for vital health projects in UT.

Supplementary Schemes: In 2018 the government also launched an ambitious scheme called ‘Languishing Programme’ to complete those projects that were stopped midway due to paucity of funds. The government thus arranged special funds for the completion of such projects. Besides this, a Special Bridge Programme funded under capital expenditure component of budget, a total number of 115 bridges have been taken up for execution and out of this, 59 bridges are being targeted for completion during the current year and as of now 46 bridges have been completed.

NOTE: Jammu and Kashmir, along with Ladakh, came into existence as Union Territories on 31 October 2019 after the Centre revoked Article 370 and passed a bill bifurcating the erstwhile state into two separate UTs.