Ministry of Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2019
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The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) have signed an MoU to collaborate in the area of food and agriculture.
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)
- Both ICAR and CSIR will work together on mutually agreed areas of agri-foods, medicinal and aromatic plants, nutraceuticals, precision agriculture, big data analysis, use of artificial intelligence, genetic modifications in cotton, application of sensors in agriculture, post-harvest management and agricultural mechanisation.
- The network of Krishi Vigyan Kendras of ICAR would be utilised for technology demonstration and dissemination.
- The MoU also proposes a joint working committee to deliberate and formulate the collaborative programmes and will meet four times a year.
Indian Council of Agricultural Research
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation headquartered at New Delhi and works under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. Earlier known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture.
Indian Council of Agricultural Research is the apex body in India for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country.
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is a contemporary R&D organization of the government of India and is known for its cutting edge R&D knowledgebase.
CSIR was established by the Government of India in September of 1942 as an autonomous body under the Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology. CSIR activities cover a wide spectrum of science and technology from radio and space physics, oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology.
Tags: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research • CSIR • Department of Agricultural Research and Education • Department of Science and Technology • ICAR • Imperial Council of Agricultural Research • Indian Council of Agricultural Research • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare • Ministry of Science and Technology • Royal Commission on Agriculture. • Societies Registration Act 1860
Department of Biotechnology (DBT) under Union Ministry of Science and Technology has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with International Energy Agency (IEA) for enhancing innovation for Clean Energy Transition. The MoU seeks to deepen co-operation in support of clean energy innovations to accelerate research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) of clean energy technologies in India. It will also help support generation of data for policymaking and improve knowledge of good policy practices for innovation in India and around the world.
The MoU will ensure cooperation for sharing of energy policies on RD&D and sharing of best practices on data collection and analysis. It also has provision for activities such as training and capacity building and accelerating energy innovation by identifying sources of finance. The MoU will be coordinated for Union Ministry of Sceince & Technology by Mission Innovation India Unit set up by DBT and for IEA it will be coordinated by its International Partnership and Initiatives Unit (IPI). It will be initially valid for three years.
International Energy Agency (IEA)
IEA is an inter-governmental organization established in 1974 as per framework of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). It was established in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis after the OPEC cartel had shocked the world with a steep increase in oil prices. Presently it has 30 member countries including India. It is headquartered in Paris, France.
Its prime focus is on the “3Es” of effectual energy policy: energy security, economic development and environmental protection. It also seeks to promote alternate energy sources (including renewable energy), rational energy policies and multinational energy technology co-operation. It acts as energy policy advisor to 29 member countries and also non-member countries like China and Russia.