Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Braille Voter Slips for Visually Impaired and Blind

The Election Commission of India will be issuing Braille voter slips for the visually impaired and blind voters in the Lok Sabha elections due this year. The Braille voter slips were already issued during the recently held assembly polls.

The initiative is part of the strategic framework for ‘accessible elections’, The Election commission of India also plans to provide Braille election photo identity cards.

The Electronic voting machines already have the Braille feature. The ballot paper pasted on the machine with name and symbol of candidates is Braille enabled.

Braille

Braille is a script with raised dots that can be read with the fingers by people who are blind or who have low vision.

It is a tactical reading and writing system used by blind and visually impaired people who cannot access print material.

Strategic Framework on Accessible Elections

The Strategic Framework on Accessible Elections is a compilation of guidelines issued by Election Commission of India and the Department for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, Ministry of Social justice and Empowerment, Government of India.

The guidelines aim to build on sensitization through education and training, community involvement of different sections of society, effective partnership with institutions and originations and creation of facilities to cater to the specific needs of Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) with a view to increasing their participation.

 

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Classification of Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities

The interim Budget 2019 for the second time has set the ball rolling for the Classification of Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities.

Provisions in the Budget

The Budget has made following announcements related to the denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities:

  • Formation of a committee under the Niti Aayog, which would identify and classify these tribes.
  • Constitution of a Welfare Board under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment for the purpose of implementing welfare and development programmes for denotified, nomadic and semi-nomadic communities.

Earlier attempt for classification

National Commission for Denotified, Nomadic And Semi-Nomadic Tribes headed by Dada Idate had prepared state-wise lists. But this list drew a lot of criticisms including from the researchers who were working with the commission. It was criticised that the Idate commission lacked the scientific data necessary to bring out a comprehensive classification of denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities.

Vulnerability of these Communities

Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities are considered to be the most deprived sections of Indian society. These communities are hard to reach and less visible. The nomadic and semi-nomadic communities move from place to place in search of livelihood. As a result, they are frequently left out. Hence to address the issues related to these communities there is a need for special attention. The Renke Commission and the Idate Commission have done commendable work in studying the various problems faced by these communities and recommending measures to address the issues more comprehensively.

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