Ministry of Tribal Affairs Current Affairs - 2019

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100 days of Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana

The National programme driven by TRIFED (Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India), Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana (PMVDY), completed 100 days under Ministry of Tribal Affairs on December 7, 2019. The programme aims at empowering the tribal community.

Highlights

In order to mark 100 days of success, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs organized celebrations and forged association with Global designer Ritu Beri. During the celebration, the significance of the programme in forming cluster of self-help groups was emphasized.

The ministry at the event announced that around 676 VDVK (Van Dhan Vikas Kendras) have been sanctioned by the TRIFED in 24 states since its launch in 27 August, 2019. Though the Van Dhan Scheme was launched earlier, the 100 days celebration is to mark the launch of Van Dhan Vikas Kendras.

Targets of TRIFED

TRIFED will establish 3,000 VDVKs each year till 2024 and will cover around 2 crore tribal beneficiaries. The programme also aims to cover 117 tribes in the country. It has also partnered with UNICEF to promote tribal craft, cuisine, culture and commerce.

Recently TRIFED also organized the Aadi Mahotsav between November 16 and November 30, 2019 to cherish the spirit of tribal culture. Apart from this, internship programmes were also conducted in October 2019.

Ekalavya model residential schools modernised

On December 2, 2019, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs provided financial assistance for the upgradation and modernization of the Ekalavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS). Each school is to be provided with a net amount of Rs 5 crores.

Highlights

The sanctioned amount will be used to renovate classrooms, expand existing academic blocks, fulfil the requirement of furniture, sanitation facilities, construction of hostel rooms, etc.

Constitution

The funds are allocated to the scheme under Article 275(1) of the constitution. The article allows GoI to allocate funds annually to different states, schemes or groups to meet their costs. The article also allows to pay the schemes from Consolidated Fund of India.

EMRS

The Ekalavya Model Residential Schools is a scheme under Ministry of Tribal Affairs. It was introduced in the year 1997-98 for better access of quality education to remote tribal children.

Budget 2018-19

In the previous budget, it was announced that every block of the EMRS with more than 50% of ST population and at least 20,000 of tribal population will be provided with an EMRS by the end of 2022.

Under the scheme, government provides 30 lakhs grant for establishment of the schools and thereafter 30 lakhs annually. Until December 2018, 284 EMRS have been sanctioned.