Ministry of Woman and Child Development Current Affairs - 2019
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Ministry of Woman and Child Development (WCD) has nominated three members to National Commission for Women (NCW) in pursuance Section 3 of the NCW Act, 1990. They are Chandramukhi Devi, Soso Shaiza, and Kamlesh Gautam. All three are BJP members. They will hold office for period of three years or till age of 65 years or until further orders from date of assumption of charge of office, whichever is the earlier. The new appointments now leave two positions vacant in NCW. Rekha Sharma is current chairperson of NCW.
Chandramukhi Devi is former Bihar MLA and member of the Bihar state women’s commission from 2011 to 2014. Soso Shaiza is present BJP national council member and also daughter-in-law of Janata Party leader Yangmaso Shaiza, the first tribal chief minister of Manipur in 1974. Kamlesh Gautam is BJP’s regional in-charge for Kanpur-Bundhelkhand.
National Commission for Women (NCW)
NCW is a statutory body established under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990. It was established in January 1992 to review constitutional and legal safeguards for women. It recommends remedial legislative measures, advise Government on all policy matters affecting women and facilitate redressal of grievances related to women. The first Commission was constituted in January 1992 with Jayanti Patnaik as Chairperson. Commission comprises up of Chairperson, five Members and Member-Secretary. Chairperson is appointed by the Central Government and is person who is committed to the cause of women. Besides Chairperson, commission has five members nominated by Central Government
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 came into force 15 January 2016.
In this regard, Union Ministry of Woman and Child Development has issued orders for enforceable of Act.
The Act had received President Pranab Mukherjee’s assent on December 31, 2015 after it was passed by the Parliament.
Key features of Act
- Aims at ensuring protection, proper care, development and social reintegration of children in difficult circumstances by adopting a child-friendly approach.
- Permits trying of juveniles between the ages of 16 and 18 years as adults for heinous offences.
- Establishment of Child Welfare Committees (CWC) along with Juvenile Justice Boards (JJB) in each district.
- Empowers JJB to examine the nature of crime and decide whether it was committed as a child mind or as an adult mind.
- Based upon the preliminary inquiry of JJB, juvenile offender will be either sent for rehabilitation or will be tried as an adult.
- The CWC will determine institutional care for juvenile in need of care and protection. Prescribes eligibility of adoptive parents and the procedure for adoption.
- Penalties for cruelty against a child have been prescribed in case of offering a narcotic substance to a child and selling and abduction of a child.