Minor Rape Law Current Affairs - 2020
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The data from the High Courts across the country say that more than 96% of 1,66,882 rape trials registered under POCSO (Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act) are pending. After receiving the data, law ministry has drawn comprehensive plans to fast track disposal of pending rape cases within a year. The plan is to set up fast track courts to hasten the process.
The aim of the fast track courts is to dispose the cases within 1 year. So far there are 1,66,882 cases that are registered as rape cases and 1,60,989 cases registered under Pocso Act. The government of India is also planning to propose similar fast track courts under the 15th Finance Commission (2020-25).
The law ministry will set up 1,023 fast track court to complete the pending cases. The data from the HC says that there are around 389 districts all over the country where the number of cases under POCSO act exceeded 100.
The Ministry had earlier directed state governments and union territories to set up fast track courts for POCSO cases. Under the order around 218 such courts were set up in UP. The information was given in the Lok Sabha on December 6, 2019.
POCSO act mandates that the investigation of cases registered under the act has to be completed within a time span of 2 months. In spite of such strict law and policy framework, the number of rape and POCSO cases have increased.
Tags: Fast Track Special Courts • Finance Commission • High Court • Lok Sabha • Minor Rape Law
The Madhya Pradesh Assembly has unanimously passed Dand Vidhi (Madhya Pradesh Sanshodhan) Vidheyak, 2017 that will see rapists of girls 12 years or below being hanged till death.
With this, Madhya Pradesh becomes first state where those convicted of such rapes will face the gallows. The Bill will now be sent to the President for his assent, after which it will become a law.
Key Features of Bill
The bill proposes death penalty or a minimum term of 14-year rigorous imprisonment or life imprisonment till death for raping girls aged 12 or less. It also increases minimum punishment for gang rape of girls aged 12 or less to 20 years rigorous imprisonment.
The bill also proposes punishment for disrobing, stalking or sex on pretext of marriage. Repeated stalking would be a non-bailable offence and offenders would be punished. Besides, it increases jail term for second or subsequent offences.
The bill proposes punishment terms ranging between 3 and 7 years for harassment (first offence). For second and subsequent offences, minimum jail term will be seven to 10 years and fine of Rs 1 lakh. Stalking will invite jail term of 3 years for first offence. Second and subsequent offences will be punished with minimum 3 years and maximum 7 years in jail and fine of Rs 1 lakh.