Minorities Current Affairs - 2020

UNHRC files in Supreme Court on Citizenship Amendment Act

On March 3, 2020, the United Nation Human Rights Commission moved to Supreme Court on the matter of Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). The commission has filed a case challenging CAA.

India on the Move of UNHRC

India believes that the CAA is an internal matter of the country. Also, according to India, CAA is constitutionally valid.

What is the issue?

The Citizenship Amendment Act was passed in 2019. The act amends Citizenship Act 1955. It seeks to give nationality only to 6 religious communities (Hindus, Christians, Jains, Buddhists, Parsis and Sikhs) if they entered India before 31 December 2014. It does not include Muslims. Also, the act does not include other refugees such as Rohingya from Myanmar and Tamils from Sri Lanka.

Significance of the act

According to GoI, the partition of India failed to protect the minorities in Pakistan and Bangladesh. India and Pakistan were partitioned under Nehru-Liaqat pact in 1950. Pakistan announced itself as a Muslim nation while India became secular. Even after independence, India has constantly conceded that minorities in Pakistan are its responsibilities.

The act was passed to protect them according to GoI.

Minorities Right Day celebrated in India on December 18

The Minorities Rights Day was celebrated by the National Commission for Minorities in India in order to focus religious harmony and better understanding of the minority communities in the country.

On December 18, 1992, the United Nations adopted the Individual’s rights belonging to religious, linguistic and religious minorities. The organization also stated that it is the responsibility of the state to improve minority conditions and create awareness about their linguistic, national, cultural and religious identity.

Highlights

The Minority Day Programme was organized by the National Commission for minorities in New Delhi. The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi addresses the programme. At the programme the ministry announced that more than 8 lakh people belonging to minority community have so far benefitted from the GoI schemes such as Nai Manzil, Gharib Nawaz Employment Scheme, Nai Raushni, Seekho aur Kamao, etc.

Miss Irmim Shamim, the first Gujjar woman of J&K to qualify medical studies at AIIMS was also felicitated at the programme

National commission for Minorities

The commission was established under the National Commission for Minorities act, 1992. The act notifies 5 religious communities namely Christians, Muslims, Sikhs, Zoroastrians and Buddhists under the act. In 2014, Jains were added to the list. The major function of the commission is to protect the interests of the minorities.