Minority Communities Current Affairs - 2020

Facts Box: YSR Cheyutha Scheme

The YSR Cheyutha Scheme is to be launched in Andhra Pradesh on August 12, 2020. It aims to empower women from minority castes.

Highlights

The scheme will provide financial benefit of Rs 75,000 to those women who come under the age of 45 to 60 years. It aims at pension beneficiaries. The amount of Rs 75,000 is to be distributed in four equal installments of Rs 18,750 each per year. The amounts are to be transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.

The State Government has allocated Rs 4,500 crores to implement the scheme. The AP Government will also launch the YSR Asara Scheme along with YSR Cheyutha Scheme

YSR Asara Scheme

The scheme is to benefit 90 lakh women of self help group. Under the scheme, Rs 6,700 crores is to be distributed in one year.

Background

The State Government of Andhra Pradesh recently decided to extend financial assistance of YSR Cheyutha to those availing social security pensions under the YSR Pension Kanuka. This will benefit more than 8.21 lakh women from SC, ST, BC and minority communities.

Along with the decision, the other following decisions were also made by the state government

  • The Cabinet along with the extension of YSR Cheyutha scheme also approved to form the State Sand Corporation. Also, the formation of AP Rayalseema Drought Mitigation Project Development Corporation was approved.
    • The sand corporation is to monitor and address the issues related to sand mining, transportation and sale.
    • The AP Rayalseema Drought Mitigation Project Development Corporation is to be set up at an estimated budget of Rs 40,000 crores.
      • The project will address the drought condition in the Rayalseema region taking up irrigation projects.
    • The State Government decided to bring in Fish Feed Quality Control Act. The act is first of its kind. The act will help monitor and check quality of aquaculture feed.
      • An ordinance is to be issued to this effect
      • Around 40 feed analysis labs are to be established in the state.
      • This is being launched to safeguard aquaculture as 60% of expenditure is spent on feed alone.
    • The cabinet had approved to invest Rs 5 crores on cattle grazing training centres that have been proposed in the districts of Anantapur and Kurnool.

Kerala: the first state to pass anti-CAA resolution

The Kerala Government on December 31, 2019, passed a resolution to rollback the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) that was passed during this winter session of Parliament. According to the Kerala Government, the CAA act contradicts the basic principles of Constitution.

Highlights

According to the Government of Kerala, the act was against secularism and has triggered widespread protests in the country. The act also dented India’s image among the International community

The act and the issue

The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 was passed in December 2019. The act amended Citizenship act passed in 1955. It allows Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, Jains, Christians and Parsi religious minorities to gain Indian citizenship. It also includes the minorities who have fled from countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. The issue around the act is that it does not include Muslims.

The Citizenship (Amendment) bill was introduced in 2016.

Concerns of North East

Though the ongoing protests in the country is predominantly against its non-secular feature, North Eastern states are against the overall act.  The north-eastern citizens, especially Assam, fear that the act will grant citizenship to immigrants and refugees causing loss of their political, cultural and land rights. This will also motivate further immigration from Bangladesh.