Missile Current Affairs - 2020

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Pinaka missile successfully test fired by DRDO

The Pinaka missile was successfully test fired from Odisha coast on December 19, 2019 from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur.

Highlights

The Pinaka missile is a modified version of Pinaka Mk-II rocket. The rocket was added with integrated navigation, control and guidance system in order to improve the end accuracy. The missile navigation will be aided by the IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System).

The flight of the missile was tracked by several tracking systems namely radars, telemetry, Electro-Optical Targeting System. The systems confirmed high performance of the missile.

Previously, Pinaka was test fired at Pokhran, Rajasthan in March 2019.

Pinaka missile

The Pinaka is an artillery missile. It is capable of striking an enemy territory till 75 km of range with high precision. Pinaka was used for the first time in Kargil war. Till 2014, around 5,000 Pinaka missiles were being produced annually.

The manufacturing of Pinaka missiles began with the help of Russian technology transfer. The plan was formulated in 1983 and manufacturing began in 1994.

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US military test fires Minuteman III ballistic missile

After North Korea tested a ballistic missile from the coast of Wonsan, US tested an unarmed Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile. The missile was launched from the California base.

The missile traveled 6,750 km across Pacific Ocean to the Kwajalein Atoll in Marshall Islands.

On 2nd October North Korea tested a ballistic missile which is believed to be launched from a submarine. The test was confirmed by the South Korea officials.

About Minuteman III

The program was started in 1966. The missile is armed with 170 kilo tons of TNT. Airborne Launch Control System is a part of the missile. When Minuteman was first discovered the Soviet had no target to counter it. However, they gained pace after a few years. The airborne launch system offers a survivable launch capability to the US air force.

US North Korea Talks

Following missile test by the countries, the leaders have agreed to hold talks in Stockholm. Since June, the US officials struggled to make North Korea to return to table. Currently North Korea is under many sanctions. The United Nations had earlier complained that the country had circumvented many sanctions.

Kwajalein Atoll

It is a part of the Marshall Islands in Pacific Ocean. The US hosts naval base in the atoll. The total island area is just over 6 square miles.

Atoll is a ring-shaped coral reef. It is formed due to volcanic action. Long after the volcano receded into the ocean, corals begin to settle around the crater forming a ring-shaped colony called atolls

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