Missile systems Current Affairs - 2019
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Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has approved procurement of 14 Vertically Launched Short Range Missile Systems. Of these, 10 systems will be indigenously developed and remaining four will be imported. These missile systems will help boost self-defence capability of ships against anti-ship missiles. DAC is Union Defence Ministry’s highest decision making body on capital procurement of Indian Armed Forces (Army, Navy and Air Force). It is chaired by Defence Minister.
Vertically Launched Missile Systems (VLS)
VLS is advanced system for holding and firing missiles on mobile naval platforms, such as surface ships and submarines. Each vertical launch system consists of number of cells, which can hold one or more missiles ready for firing. Typically, each cell can hold number of different types of missiles, allowing ship flexibility to load best set for any given mission.
Advanced Air Defence (AAD) interceptor missile was successfully test-fired from launching complex-IV of Dhamara Abdul Kalam defence base off Odisha coast.
The test assed missile’s killing capability by intercepting a target, mimicking an incoming enemy missile in mid-air. The success of test has boosted India’s position in the exclusive club of AAD countries United States, Russia and Israel.
- The interceptor missile is a 7.5-metre-long single stage solid rocket propelled guided missile.
- It is equipped with a navigation system, a hi-tech computer, inertial navigation system and an electro-mechanical activator.
- It can destroy the incoming hostile ballistic missile in the endo-atmospheric region (less than 30 km altitude) at a low altitude of less than 30 kms.
- It has its own mobile launcher, secure data link for interception, independent tracking and homing capabilities and sophisticated radars,
India has a double-layered ballistic missile defence (BMD) system capable of tracking and destroying hostile missiles both outside (exo) and inside (endo) the earth’s atmosphere. The first phase BMD system capable of killing enemy missiles fired from 2,000 km away. It is expected to be inducted in the armed forces soon. The second phase BMD system, capable of destroying enemy missiles fired from 5,000 km away is still under development.