missile technology Current Affairs

Pakistan successfully test fires enhanced version of Babur cruise missile

Pakistan successfully test fired Babur Weapon System-1 (B), an enhanced version of indigenously-built Babur cruise missile. The cruise missile is important part of Pakistan’s strategic deterrence.

Cruise Missile

It is an unmanned self-propelled (till the time of impact) guided missile. It flies within the earth’s atmosphere and use jet engine technology to propel itself and fly during its major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.  It is designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high precision. Modern cruise missiles are self-navigating and are capable of travelling at supersonic or high subsonic speeds and are able to fly on non-ballistic, extremely low-altitude trajectory.

Babur Weapon System-1 (B)

The missile has been named after the first Mughal emperor Babur. It can deliver conventional and non-conventional weapons with range of 700 kilometres (brings many important Indian cities within its range.). It is low-flying, terrain-hugging missile, which carries certain stealth features, making it important force multiplier for Pakistan’s strategic deterrence.

It incorporates advanced aerodynamics and avionics that can strike targets both at land and sea with high accuracy. It is equipped with Terrain Contour Matching (TERCOM) and all time Digital Scene Matching and Area Co-relation (DSMAC) technologies, which enable it to engage in various types of targets with pinpoint accuracy even in the absence of GPS navigation.


BABUR III: Pakistan tests nuclear-capable, submarine-launched missile

Pakistan has successfully test-fired its indigenously designed and built nuclear-capable, submarine-launched cruise missile (SLCM) Babur III. The missile was fired from underwater dynamic platform and successfully engaged its target with precise accuracy, meeting all the flight parameters.

Key Facts

Babur-III is the naval variant of the land-based Babur-II. The missile is capable of delivering various types of payloads including nuclear. It incorporates advanced technologies, including underwater controlled propulsion and sophisticated guidance and navigation features. The missile has strike range of 450 km.

This is only the second time that Pakistan has announced test of SLCM Babur-III missile, with first test being conducted in January 2017. Duringfirst test, Babur-III was launched from unidentified underwater mobile platform.

Babur-III missile provides Pakistan’s military credible second strike capability. Pakistan has been working hard with China’s help on developing this capability to carry out retaliatory nuclear strike even after enemy’s nuclear attack destroys or neutralises its land-based nuclear arsenal. India already has it.