missile technology Current Affairs

Maiden test Next Generation SFDR Air to Air Missile successfully conducted

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully carried out maiden flight test new surface-to-air missile (yet to get formal name) powered by Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) propulsion Technology. The test also successfully demonstrated technology of nozzle less booster for first time in the country.

About Test

SFDR’s technology demonstrator flight test was conducted from Launch Centre-III of Integrated Test Range at Chandipur, Odisha. The defensive missile flew in its intended trajectory at speed of Mach 3 (thrice the speed of sound) and met all mission objectives.


SFDR technology is jointly developed by India and Russia. It will help both India’s surface-to-air and air-to-air missiles to perform better and enhance their strike range, making them more lethal. With it, India can have fastest long-range missiles in two categories, providing full-fledged and multi-layered aerial protection from hostile attacks.  Its successful use in missiles will mark India’s entry into select club of nations that use next-generation missile technology against maneuvering targets, compromising effectiveness of conventional missiles.

Difference between SFDR and Conventional Missiles

SFDR is propulsion technology different than that of conventional solid fuelled or liquid fuelled missiles. Present lot of conventional missiles uses booster or sustainer configuration with solid or liquid propellants, which have limitations against maneuvering target. This is because terminal stage of conventional missiles cannot provide enough energy to maintain their speed in order to hit targets. SDFR technology removes this drawback by exceptionally enhancing endgame maneuverability of missile at terminal stage when its seeker is locked onto target.


Upgraded Pinaka rocket successfully test-fired

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully test-fired upgraded guided version of Pinaka Rocket from Proof & Experiment Establishment (PXE) at Chandipur, Odisha. During the tests, two rounds were conducted and some more rounds have been planned.

Upgraded Pinaka

The guided version is Pinaka rocket (Pinaka mark-II) has evolved from earlier version of unguided Pinaka mark-I. The upgraded Pinaka mark-II has been fitted with navigation, guidance and control kit developed by Research Centre, Imarat (RCI). The conversion has helped to enhance range of Pinaka to more than 70 km (from earlier 40 km) and accuracy to 50m (from earlier 500m).

Pinaka Missile

It is jointly developed by Pune based Armament Research & Development Establishment (ARDE), Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad and RCI. It is fired using multi-barrel rocket launcher (MBRL) which can fire 12 Rockets loaded with explosives within 44 seconds and destroy target area of 4 sq km at a time. It has capability to incorporate several types of warheads makes it deadly for enemy as it can even destroy solid structures and bunkers. The quick reaction time and high rate of fire of system gives an edge to Army during low amount conflict situation. It already has been inducted into Indian Army.