Missile Test Current Affairs - 2020
India has successfully conducted another night trial of its indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-2 missile from a mobile launcher of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur in Odisha coast. The successful test fires were part of a routine user trial for armed forces and met all parameters. Earlier, the flight test of surface-to-surface missile was carried out barely a 15 days after two back-to-back trials of Prithvi-2 were conducted successfully at night from same base on 20 November.
About Prithvi-2 Missile
It is a tactical surface-to-surface short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) with a strike range of 350 kilometres and is capable of carrying 500-1,000 kilograms of warheads. The state-of-the-art missile is powered by liquid propulsion twin engines and uses an advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target.
The has been developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDM). It is deployed by Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of the armed forces. The 9-metre-tall, single-stage liquid- fuelled ‘Prithvi’ is first missile to have been developed by DRDO under IGMDP. The missile has been already inducted into the armoury of defence forces in 2003.
Tags: DRDO • IGMDM • Indian Army • Missile Test • Odisha
The first night trial of long-range nuclear capable Agni-III surface-to-surface Ballistic Missile was carried out at Integrated Test Range (ITR) at APJ Abdul Kalam Island off Odisha coast. However, the Agni-III missile’s maiden night trial ended in ‘failure’. It is not the first failure of Agni series missile as in the past, two other variants of missile, Agni-I and Agni-II, have failed during both development and user trials.
The Agni-III missile’s night trial failed as it tumbled into sea after first phase separation. The missile travelled around 115 km into its initial flight trajectory when things went wrong and deviated from flight path forcing mission team to terminate it midway.
The failure is being attributed to manufacturing defect in Agni missile after preliminary investigations, however, the exact technological fault behind ‘failure’ is yet to be ascertained which could be possibly due to metallurgical defects also.
The trial was conducted as part of user training exercise and was conducted by Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command (SFC) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) provided all logistic support.
The test was considered very crucial as it was to reconfirm technical parameters set for user and its readiness to handle weapon during night hours. The flight trajectory of missile was set for nearly 2,800 km.
About Agni-III Misslie
It is developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and has already been inducted in Indian armed forces in 2011. Missile range covers all major cities of Pakistan and China.
Features: The missile is propelled by two-stage solid propellant and is capable of carrying both conventional and nuclear warheads weighing up to 1.5 tonnes. Missile is 17 metres tall and has a diameter of 2-metre, it weighs around 50 tonne.