Missiles Current Affairs - 2019
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India successfully test fired its indigenously developed Agni- 5 missile on 3rd June. The missile was launched from Dr Abdul Kalam Island off the Odisha coast. Agni missile is a surface to surface missile and is launched with the help of mobile launcher of the Integrated Test Range at Dr Abdul Kalam Island formerly known as Wheeler Island. This is the 6th test fire of the state-of-the-art Agni 5 missile.
The trial was a great success. The missile hit its target with great accuracy after covering its full distance. The entire flight was monitored by radars, tracking instruments and observation stations.
Key Facts: Agni-5 Missile
Agni 5 ballistic missile is the brainchild of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It is the most advanced in the series.
- Agni-5 is a nuclear capable long range missile with new technologies in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine. The three stage, 17- meter tall, two-meter wide Agni-5 missile has a range of Agni-5 missile is 5000 km. It can carry a nuclear warhead weighing up to 1.5 tonnes.
- Agni-5 uses Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System RINS. It is the most modern and gives very high accuracy. The Micro Navigation System or MINS helped the missile reach its target with precision.
- Other features of Agni- 5 missile include, a high speed on- board computer, fault tolerant software and a robust reliable bus. The advanced computer and the inertial navigation system are the highlights of the missile as they aid in precision of the path.
The missile is highly reliable, has longer shelf life and enhanced mobility compared to the other versions. Agni-1 has a range of 700 km, Agni-2 with a 2000 km range, Agni-3 and 4 have a range of 2500 km to 3500km.
Russia has successfully test fired its latest nuclear Inter Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) RS-28 Sarmat. This missile can carry an array of warheads capable of dodging missile defenses. The test was carried out at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, as spaceport in the west of Russia, close to the Arctic Circle. The ICBM Sarmat has the capacity to reach any point in the world. The missile will enter into service by 2021.
The RS-28 Sarmat is a heavy liquid-propellant ICBM capable of carrying nuclear charges. This missile is under development in Russia since 2000ss. The objective of this development is to replace the R-36M2 Voyevoda ICBM, which is Russia’s only Strategic Missile Force since 1988.
The name Sarmat is based upon the nomadic Sarmatian tribes which used to live between 6th and 4th century BC in current territories of Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan.