Missiles Current Affairs - 2020

Pinaka missiles test fired for the second day in salvo mode

The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) test fired Pinaka missile system successfully for the second day on December 20, 2019 at Chandipur, Odisha. The first trial that was conducted on Dec 19, 2019, was also done at the Integrated Test range, Chandipur, Odisha.

Highlights

DRDO conducted the test firings of the Pinaka missile systems in salvo mode. The test was conducted at 20-km range and highest accuracy was achieved. The same trial was conducted for the second day as well in order to test the proximity initiation and also to test salvo launch. During this test trial, two missiles were fired at 60 seconds interval.

Salvo mode

Salvo is simultaneous discharge of firearms. This is a tactic used to cripple an enemy and prevent them from fighting back.

What is Pinaka?

Pinaka is a multi-barrel Rocket launcher (MBRL) system. It is capable of deploying 72 rockets in 44 seconds. Also, the rockets can be fired in different directions as well. Through technology transfer, Indian Army awarded contracts of manufacturing batteries of the Pinaka MBRL to TATA and L&T to produce 40 batteries each in 2006. In 2015, the Defence Acquisition Council cleared direct purchase of additional regiments of indigenous Pinaka multiple-launch rocket system. This was done to upgrade 26 Ilyushin transport aircraft bought from Russia.

India’s Nex-Gen Hypersonic Missiles: DRDO begins manufacturing

The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) begins manufacturing of hypersonic missiles. These missiles are five times faster than the speed of sound. DRDO is set to operate a wind tunnel to test and fine tune the technology

Significance

There is a race across the globe to possess hypersonic weapons technology. The US, Russia and China have already been testing the technology to improve their strategic nuclear deterrence and strengthen their front-line combat units. China had demonstrated that it has the technology. Other countries like US and Russia have been silent about it.

Hypersonic Weapons

The Hypersonic weapons are capable of carrying conventional and nuclear payloads at extreme speeds. This technology increases the survival against modern ballistic missile defence system. Though, the existing ballistic missile systems deliver loads at extremely high speeds, the hypersonic glided vehicles make tracking and interception impossible.