Mission Swachh Bharat Current Affairs - 2020
On February 19, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved on implementing the phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission. The phase II of the mission will focus on Open Defecation Free Plus.
The budget allocated for phase II of the mission is Rs 52,497 crores. The mission in this phase is to converge with Jal Jeevan Mission and MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act).
Apart from the focus maintaining the status of Open Defecation Free, the mission also aims to provide rural employment. It is to be monitored under 4 key areas namely bio-degradable solid waste management, plastic waste management, fecal sludge management and greywater management.
Jal Jeevan Mission
The Jal Jeevan Mission was launched in August 2019. The mission aims to provide tap water to all the households by 2024. It also focuses on desilting minor irrigation tanks and using grey water for agriculture.
An incentive of Rs 12,000 is to be provided for the construction of individual household toilet. An additional financial assistance of Rs 2 lakhs to 3 lakhs is to be provided for Gram Panchayats to construct Community managed Sanitary Complexes.
Tags: gram panchayat • Jal Jeevan Mission • MGNREGA • Mission Swachh Bharat • ODF plus
On December 23, 2019, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs announced that urban areas of 35 states have been declared Open Defecation Free. It includes 4,167 cities. The target has been achieved through third party verification.
According to the ministry, the target has been achieved by constructing 65.81 lakh househols toilets as against the target of 59 lakhs. In order to achieve the target, the ministry had launched ODF+ and ODF++ protocols. The ministry also launched Water+ protocol to make sure that no untreated waste water is discharged into water bodies.
How was the target achieved?
The Ministry partnered with Google and mapped all the public toilets for ease of access to citizens. Today around 2,300 cities have more than 57,000 public toilets mapped on google maps.
With Star Rating Protocol the ministry streamlines solid waste management in cities. With door to door garbage collection and garbage processing and waste recycling methods, today more than 57 cities have been rated as 3-star cities and 4-cities (Indore, Ambikapur, Mysuru and Navi Mumbai) have been rated 5-star cities.
Plastic management in the cities were also streamlined complying with Plastic Management rules.
The ministry is currently working with 46 cement plants where the plastic wastes can be sent directly for recycling and reusage.
The Swachh Bharat Mission for urban areas is being implemented by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. The mission for rural areas is being implemented by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The rural areas of India were declared Open Defecation Free on October 2, 2019. PM Modi declared rural India ODF during his address at 150th birth anniversary celebration of Mahatma Gandhi.