Mizo National Front Current Affairs - 2019
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The North-Eastern States of Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram celebrate Statehood Day celebrated statehood day on February 20. Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh celebrated the 32nd and 47th Statehood Day respectively.
The Statehood to Mizoram was the culmination of the struggle led by Mizo National Front (MNF), a political organisation born in 1961. MNF took to armed insurrection and raised uprising against the Government, attacking the government installations at Aizawl, Lunglei, Chawngte, Chhimluang and other places demanding sovereign independence of Greater Mizoram.
In 1967 MNF was banned by the government of India and this further fuelled the armed agitation led by the MNF. Mizoram was declared Union Territory in 1972. But it did not satisfy the protestors demanding separate statehood.
The Memorandum of Settlement was signed between the Mizo National Front and the Indian Government on June 30, 1986, where the Mizo National Front surrendered arms and immediate arrangements were made to solidify Mizoram as a full-fledged state in India. Consequently, the Indian Constitution was amended through the Mizoram State Act, 1986 and the Mizoram state came into existence.
Initially, Arunachal Pradesh was directly under the Governor of the provincial government of Assam. After the constitution came into being the Government of Assam was relieved of its responsibilities of the North East Frontier Agency and the powers were vested in the Governor of Assam, a constitutional post and an agent of the President of India.
NEFA was re-named as Arunachal Pradesh and subsequently, in 1972 Arunachal Pradesh became the Union Territory of the Republic of India.
In the year 1975 Arunachal Pradesh Council was converted into a Provisional Legislative Assembly and a council of ministers was appointed for Arunachal Pradesh.
Arunachal Pradesh attained full statehood on 20 February 1987 after the passing of the Constitution 55th Amendment Act.
Mr. Zoramthanga has been sworn in as the Mizoram’s new chief minister of Mizoram. Zoramthanga belongs to the Mizo National Front (MNF). He will be heading a 12-member council. Governor of Mizoram K Rajasekharan administered the oath of office and secrecy during a ceremony at Raj Bhavan in Aizawl, which was taken by Zoramthanga in the Mizo language.
- This is Zoramthanga’s third stint as the chief CM of Mizoram. Previously, he has led the MNF government in Mizoram in 1998 and 2003.
- The five cabinet ministers of the new Mizoram government are – Tawnluia, R Lalthangliana, Lalchamliana, Lalzirliana and Lalrinsanga. Mr Tawnluia will also be the deputy chief minister of Mizoram.
- The six ministers of state in the new Mizoram government are — K Lalrinliana, Lalchhandama Ralte, Lalruatkima, Dr K Beichhua, TJ Lalnuntluanga and Robert Romawia Ralte.
- The Mizo National Front, also known as MNF, is a regional political party in the state of Mizoram.
- MNF originated from the Mizo National Famine Front formed by Pu Laldenga. The Mizo National Famine Front was formed to protest against the inaction of the Indian government towards the famine of 1959 in the Mizo areas of Assam.
- After years of violence and underground activities, it signed the Mizoram Accord in 1986 with the Government of India, giving up secession and violence.
Recent Elections in the state of Mizoram:
- The elections to the Legislative Assembly of Mizoram were held on 28th November 2018.
- There are total 40 constituencies in Mizoram.
- Mizo National Front (MNF) won 26 seats out of 40 seats in the 2018 elections.
- Indian National Congress won 5 seats and BJP won 1 seat