Mizo National Front Current Affairs - 2020

February 20: Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh celebrate their Statehood Day

On February 20, the states of Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram are celebrating their statehood day. Statehood day marks the day of formation of the states. Arunachal Pradesh became a state on 20th February 1987. And Mizoram that was a part of Assam was formed on 20th February 1987.

Mizoram

Mizoram became a state with the implementation of North-Eastern Reorganization Act, 1972. Mizoram being a mountainous region was a district of Assam till 1972. It was the 23rd state to be formed in India.

In 1891, the region was annexed by the British. During British rule, the Lushai hills region was under Assam and the southern half with Bengal. These two regions were united in 1898.

After the Reorganization act, 1972, Mizoram became a Union Territory. Later, in 1986, a historic MoU was signed between the GoI and the Mizo National Front and Mizoram became a state in 1987.

Arunachal Pradesh

In 1972, the state was called the North-East Frontier Agency. Later in 1975, an elected Legislative Assembly was constituted. After the Reorganization act, 1972, Arunachal Pradesh remained as a Union Territory. It became a state in 1987.

Zo Kutpui Festival organised in Mizoram

The Mizoram State Government is organising Zo Kutpui festival across 10 states in the country and also in countries such as Myanmar, US and Bangladesh.

Highlights

The first edition of the festival is to begin in the city of Vanghmun in Tripura. The festival will then move to other states having Mizo population. By conducting such as festival, the Mizoram Government is trying to unify the Mizo population in the country and also across the world. The event will host performances of several Mizo tribes.

Mizo population

The Mizos are tribal people that are spread between Myanmar in the east to Bangladesh in the west. After independence, the Mizo people were governed by the Assamese Government. In 1952, a subsidiary government was created under Assam called Lushai hills, the now Mizoram. However, the Mizo people continued to demand freedom of independence to join Myanmar. The Mizo National Front (MNF) was created in 1961 to achieve independence of Mizoram. In 1966, the MNF created its armed wing and declared independence under Operation Jericho. The area was then declared disturbed and in 1967, GoI enforced AFSPA.

Mizo Peace Accord

After several negotiations of peace, in 1987, the Rajiv Gandhi Government signed the Mizoram Peace Accord establishing peace in the region.

Mizo Tribals

In India, the Mizo population is found in Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram. There are 12 Mizo clans identified. It includes Pawi-Lusei, Tlau, Khiangte, Hualhnam, Lai, Phaite, Renthlei, Hmar, Chawngthu, Pang, Ralte and Hualngo.

However, the three major Mizo groups are Lusei people, Lushai hills people and Chin people.In