Mizoram Current Affairs - 2020

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Zo Kutpui Festival organised in Mizoram

The Mizoram State Government is organising Zo Kutpui festival across 10 states in the country and also in countries such as Myanmar, US and Bangladesh.

Highlights

The first edition of the festival is to begin in the city of Vanghmun in Tripura. The festival will then move to other states having Mizo population. By conducting such as festival, the Mizoram Government is trying to unify the Mizo population in the country and also across the world. The event will host performances of several Mizo tribes.

Mizo population

The Mizos are tribal people that are spread between Myanmar in the east to Bangladesh in the west. After independence, the Mizo people were governed by the Assamese Government. In 1952, a subsidiary government was created under Assam called Lushai hills, the now Mizoram. However, the Mizo people continued to demand freedom of independence to join Myanmar. The Mizo National Front (MNF) was created in 1961 to achieve independence of Mizoram. In 1966, the MNF created its armed wing and declared independence under Operation Jericho. The area was then declared disturbed and in 1967, GoI enforced AFSPA.

Mizo Peace Accord

After several negotiations of peace, in 1987, the Rajiv Gandhi Government signed the Mizoram Peace Accord establishing peace in the region.

Mizo Tribals

In India, the Mizo population is found in Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram. There are 12 Mizo clans identified. It includes Pawi-Lusei, Tlau, Khiangte, Hualhnam, Lai, Phaite, Renthlei, Hmar, Chawngthu, Pang, Ralte and Hualngo.

However, the three major Mizo groups are Lusei people, Lushai hills people and Chin people.In

DHARMA GUARDIAN – 2019: Indo-Japan Joint Military Exercise

India and Japan will be holding a two-week-long joint military exercise called Dharma Guardian-2019 in Mizoram from 19 October to 2 November 2019. This Joint Military Exercise will be conducted at Counter-Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School in Vairengte, Mizoram.

About Exercise Dharma Guardian

It is an annual training event, which is being conducted in India since 2018.

Objective:

  • To increase interoperability between forces of two nations and enhance coordination in dealing with various security challenges including counter-terrorism
  • To cover platoon-level joint training on counter-terrorism operations in jungle and urban scenario

Participants: Indian Army and Japanese Ground Self Defence Forces (JGSDF) comprising 25 soldiers each, will participate in exercise aimed at sharing experience gained during various Counter-Terrorism Operations in respective Countries.

Significance: In the backdrop of global terrorism, the exercise is crucial and significant in terms of security challenges faced by both nations. The joint military exercise will enhance level of defence co-operation between Indian Army and Japanese Ground Self Defence Forces (JGSDF) which in turn will further foster bilateral relations between two nations.