MMR Current Affairs - 2020

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Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan launched

SUMAN scheme – Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan scheme was launched by the Union Minister Dr Harsha Vardhan at the conference of Central Council of Health and Family Welfare. The scheme provides free medicines for pregnant women. It focuses to bring down the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in the country.

Key features

  • Under the scheme the mother up to 6 months after delivery and the sick new born will be able to avail free health care benefits
  • All the beneficiaries visiting the health care under the scheme are entitled to free services. It includes
    • At least four ante – natal check up
    • One check up during the 1st trimester
    • One check up under Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan
    • Iron Folic acid supplementation
    • Tetanus Diphtheria injection
    • Six home based new born care visits
  • Free transport will be provided from home to the health institutions by GoI.
  • Referral services are to be offered under the scheme with the scope of reaching the health facilities within an hour of critical emergencies
  • Zero expenses for C – section facilities in case of complications during pregnancy.

India’s maternal mortality rate has declined from 254 per 1 lakh births in 2004 – 06 to 130 per 1 lakh births in 2014 – 16. The IMR has come down as well. It was 66 per 1,000 live births in 2001 and is now 34 in 2016.

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Key Cabinet decisions on NHM

On October 9, 2019, the cabinet appraised decisions under Empowered Program Committee (EPC), Mission Steering Group (MSG) and National Health Mission. The press release statements of the cabinet are as follows

Key achievements

  • MMR (Maternal Mortality Rate), U5MR (Under 5 Mortality Rate) and IMR (Infant Mortality Rate) has declined since the launch of NHM. India will reach its SDG goal of MMR – 70 and U5MR – 25 by 2030 at this rate. The rate of MMR decline is 8% (2013 – 2016).
  • India achieved the biggest success in bringing down Malaria cases and deaths by 49.09%. It is now leading with its initiatives against malaria among the other Malaria endemic countries

New decisions and schemes

  • Similar to Clean India Mission where districts and states were declared ODF – Open Defecation Free, the districts and states will be declared disease free under the awarding scheme. This will promote competitiveness among the states. The diseases to be certified are TB, Leprosy, Malaria, Kala – Azar, Cataract, Lymphatic Filariasis.
  • National Viral Hepatitis Control Program was approved
    • It was rolled out to treat Hepatitis A, B, C and E
    • More than 5 crore patients are estimated to be benefited from the program.
  • Home Based Care for Young Child program was introduced under POSHAN Abhiyan.

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