MNREGA Current Affairs - 2020

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Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana launched to fight COVID-19

On March 26, 2020, the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman launched Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana. The scheme is an economic help package for people in the country to fight against COVID-19 and its effects. Around 1.7 lakh crore has been allocated under the package.

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana

Under the scheme, around 80 crore people are to get 5 kg of free rice and wheat for the next three months. This is additional to the already allotted 5 kg of subsidized rice and wheat. Along with this, they will also get 1 kg of free pulses per household. The scheme will provide insurance cover for doctors, sanitation workers, nurses, paramedics and other staffs working on the front line in the fight against the virus.

The scheme is to perform a direct benefit transfer of Rs 1000 to old age, Divyangs and pensioners. This will benefit 3 crore people.

Apart from this, the funds allocated are to be spread across several other government schemes

Pradhan Mantri Ujjawala Yojana

The scheme is to offer free cylinders under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjawala Scheme. This will benefit around 8.3 crore Below Poverty Line Families.

MNREGA

The economic package has increased daily wages of MNREGA from Rs 182 to Rs 202. This is to benefit 5 crore workers.

During Lock Down, when people are to stay indoors, the workers will not be able to work under MNREGA scheme. Then why include MNREGA? It is to be noted that GoI has now included sanitation workers under MNREGA scheme. And sanitation workers are to work full time and their salaries have been doubled as well. Also, they are to get Rs 2000 extra perks for a period of three months. The inclusion of the sanitation workers under MNREGA  had been made when GoI introduced Phase II of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

Under the scheme, women account holders will receive Rs 500 per month for the next three months. Under this step, around 20 crore account holders are to be benefitted.

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Yuva Swabhiman Yojana

The government of Madhya Pradesh has announced the Yuva Swabhiman Yojana to provide employment for the unemployed youth from the economically weaker sections of the society.

About the Scheme

The features of the Yuva Swabhiman Yojana scheme are:

  • It aims to provide employment to the youth belonging to the weaker section of the society mainly in urban areas of the state.
  • The scheme aims to provide 100 days of employment to youngsters from economically weaker sections of the society in urban areas.
  • The youths would also be given skill training by the government.

The component of skill training has been added to enable the youth to explore the available opportunities. To enhance the job opportunities the government of Madhya Pradesh has also announced changes in industrial policy with a clause under which industries would be eligible to get the state government incentives only if they hire 70 per cent staff from Madhya Pradesh.

With this scheme, the government aims to cover those from urban centres who are left out from the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA). Since those in rural areas are covered under MNREGA, the scheme focuses on urban areas.

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