Modern slavery Current Affairs - 2019
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Britain pledged £4 million to support global anti-slavery projects, from sexually exploited girls in Ethiopia to migrant workers in Malaysia and Mauritius. It also committed about 200 million pounds in aid funding to combat modern-day slavery overseas, and given millions of pounds to nations from Albania to Vietnam.
Six organisations, including Anti-Slavery International ( a UK based international NGO, registered charity and a lobby group) and United Nations University ( a research institution) will share the aid money from The Modern Slavery Innovation Fund.
Modern Slavery Innovation Fund
- It was announced in 2016 and earlier gave £6 million to schemes such as awareness-raising campaigns in Nigeria, Philippines and Vietnam.
- It will be used to run modern slavery workshops in South Africa, increasing support for survivors in India, and developing online data hub to boost anti-slavery policies.
- The projects funded will help protect few most vulnerable people on planet and encourage more innovative approaches for victim identification and pursuing the exploiters.
The Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI), a coalition of trade unions, firms and charities promoting worker’s rights received the latest funding. It will help towards informing migrant workers in Malaysia about their rights and remediation, help improve conditions of migrant workers those working with global businesses in their supply chains worldwide and provide remedy for workers who have suffered abuse.
The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is observed on December 2 every year with an objective to raise awareness about slavery and its impact on the society. This day marks adaptation of resolution ‘Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Prostitution of Others’ by United Nations (UN) General Assembly on 2 December 1949.The focus of this day is on eradicating contemporary forms of slavery, such as trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation, forced marriage, worst forms of child labour and forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict.
According to International Labour Organisation (ILO) more than 40 million people worldwide are victims of modern slavery. There are 5.4 victims of modern slavery for every 1,000 people in the world. 1 in 4 victims of modern slavery are children. Though modern slavery is not defined in law, it is used as umbrella term covering practices such as forced labour, forced marriage, human trafficking and debt bondage. Thus, it can be referred as to situations of exploitation that person cannot refuse or leave because of threats, violence, coercion, deception or abuse of power. ILO has adopted new legally binding Protocol designed to strengthen global efforts to eliminate forced labour, which entered into force in November 2016.