Montenegro Current Affairs - 2019
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Macedonia takes a major step on road to NATO membership. The conflict over the name with Greece had become a damper in its membership to NATO. With the conflict with Greece taken to logical end with the conclusion of Prespa Agreement, Macedonia has signed accession papers with NATO.
The signing of accession papers allows Macedonia take part in NATO ministerial meetings as an invitee. To acquire full membership, all 29 current members must ratify the accession protocol.
Russia Raises Concerns
Russia has raised concerns against Macedonia becoming part of NATO. Russia has accused NATO of destabilising the Balkans by pushing Macedonia and Montenegro to join NATO.
Russia sees Balkan nations as its sphere of influence and is against NATO or any other body led by US or EU making inroads to these Balkan countries. NATO’s membership provides a guarantee of mutual defence, provides a welcome insurance policy against possible incursions. Russia perceives this as an attempt by the west to contain it by making inroads to the areas which Russia considers its sphere of influence.
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is a military and political alliance established through the Washington Treaty. NATO aims to promote democratic values and enables members to consult and cooperate on defence and security-related issues to solve problems, build trust and, in the long run, prevent conflict.
Article 5 of the Washington Treaty states that an armed attack against one of the member states would be considered as an attack against all members, and other members would assist the attacked member, with armed forces if necessary.
US Senate has voted overwhelmingly to approve Montenegro as 29th member of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) by 97-2 vote.
So far, 25 other NATO members have ratified Montenegro’s accession, a country of 620,000 people seen as a geostrategic ally. The Spain and Netherlands have yet to do so.
About North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
- The NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty signed in April 1949. It consists of 28 independent member countries across North America and Europe.
- It is based on a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party.
- NATO’s headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium. Its headquarters of Allied Command Operations is near Mons.
- The combined military spending of all NATO members constitutes over 70% of the global defence spending.