Mughals Current Affairs - 2020

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February 11: World Unani Day: Birth Anniversary of Hakim Ajmal Khan celebrated

Every year, on February 11, the birth Anniversary of Hakim Ajmal Khan is celebrated as World Unani Day. He was an Indian Unani Physician and a social reformer. The main aim of the World Unani Day os to spread awareness about Unani medical system, its preventive and curative philosophies.

The AYUSH Ministry organized a function to commemorate the day and it was attended by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh.

History

The Unani Medicinal system originated in Greece. Later the Arabs saved much of the Greek Unani Literature and rendered it into Arabic.

Hakim Ajmal Khan

He was born on 11 February, 1868. He was one of the founders of Jamia Millia Islamia. He also founded Ayurvedic and Unani college called the Tibbia College in Delhi. He was a descendant of one of the line of physicians who came to India during reign of Mughal Emperor Babar. These physicians were called the Rais of Delhi.

Grandfather of Hakim Ajmal Khan was Hakim Sharif Khan and he was a physician to Mughal Emperor Shah Alam.

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Pink City-Jaipur receives World Heritage Certificate from UNESCO

On February 5, 2020, the Pink City of Rajasthan, Jaipur, received World Heritage Certificate from the UNESCO. The UNESCO Director General Audrey Azoulay visited India to present the certificate.

Highlights

The World Heritage Certificate was presented to Jaipur for the efforts of the people of the pink city towards preserving its cultural heritage. Jaipur’s Parkota has been listed in the World Heritage sites of UNESCO.

Intelligence Heritage Promotion Project

The Project is being implemented by UNESCO in 10 cities of Rajasthan, It includes Barmer, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, etc.

Why Jaipur?

Jaipur is known for its palaces, architecture, forts. The architecture in the city reflected inclusion of Mughal, Persian and Hindu designs. In order to preserve this cultural mixture of the city, UNESCO and the Rajasthan Tourism Department have signed an agreement.

Selection Criteria

The World Heritage Sites are selected on the basis of four natural criteria and six cultural criteria. They are as follows

  • The site should represent human creativity
  • It should reflect interchange of human values.
  • It should bear unique testimony to cultural tradition
  • An example for a particular type of architecture
  • An example for human settlement, their sea-use and land-use
  • It should represent biological or ecological evolution
  • An example to represent major stages of earth’s history.
  • To exhibit natural beauty
  • It should b e directly related to the traditions of living people

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