multilateral cooperation Current Affairs - 2020

April 25: International Delegate’s Day

On April 25, 2020, for the first time, the United Nations marked the International Delegate’s Day. The Day is being marked to celebrate the 75th anniversary of San Francisco Conference.

San Francisco Conference

On April 25, 1945, delegates from 50 countries came together in San Francisco for the first time. The main aim of the conference was to come together to restore world peace and impose rules post world war. More than 850 delegates participated in the conference. They represented 80% of the world population.

The Charter of United Nations was framed after two months of the conference, that is, on June 25, 1945.

Significance

Delegates are the back bone of the United Nations. They bring life to the organization and hence it is important to recognize their role. The delegates to the United Nations represent their concerned countries and are appointed by the country.

Role of Delegates

The United Nations has adopted the resolution 73/286 to recognize the crucial role played by the delegates. These delegates live up to the goals of United Nations, that is, to maintain international peace, promote effective multilateralism and encourage respect for fundamental freedom and human rights. The delegates negotiate agreements with the other member countries, coordinate with their countries and follow interests of the governments they serve.

Raisina Dialogue to be held New Delhi

The Raisina Dialogue is to be held between January 14, 2020 and January 16, 2020. It is a multilateral conference that is held in New Delhi annually since 2016. The dialogue is organised by the Ministry of External Affairs and Observer Research Foundation.

Highlights

This year, in 2020, number of foreign ministers are to attend the dialogue. It includes ministers from Russia, Iran, Maldives, Morocco, Australia, Bhutan, Denmark, Czech Republic, Uzbekistan and Estonia.

Theme: 21@20: Navigating the Alpha Century

About the Dialogue

Since its inception, it is considered as India’s flagship conference on geo-economics and geopolitics. It aims at exploring opportunities of Asian integration.

In 2016, the dialogue focused on Asia’s physical, human, economic and digital connectivity under the theme, “Asia: Regional and global connectivity”. In the consecutive year, the conference aimed at linking Asia with the rest of the world. In 2017, the conference was held on the theme, “The New Normal: Multilateralism and Multipolarity”.

In 2018, the third dialogue was conducted under the theme, “Managing disruptive Transitions: Ideas, Institutions and Idioms”. In 2019, the fourth conference was held under the theme, “New Geometrics, Fluid Partnerships, Uncertain Outcomes”. It focused on an reorder of the political, economic and strategic solutions that aims at developing Asia.

Name of the conference

The conference is named after, “Raisina Hills”, which is the seat of Government of India and Rashtrapati bhavan. The dialogue was designed on the lines of Shangri-La dialogue.