Multilateral exercises Current Affairs - 2020
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Indian Navy is preparing itself for the biggest multilateral naval exercise to be conducted in the Indian Ocean Region. The Exercise is to be conducted under the theme
Theme: Synergy across the Seas
The exercise will include multi-national groupings, simulation of operational scenarios and tactical maneuvers. Around 42 countries are to participate in the exercise. It includes Russia and USA as well. India has not invited China to participate in the exercise. The exercise is to be conducted in Vishakhapatnam in March 2020.
The exercise will act as a common platform for the commanders to exchange their challenges.
The Multilateral exercise began in 1995 in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In 1995, only 4 countries participated. It included Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia and Sri Lanka. It is biennial and was restricted to friendly nations. However, in its later stages the size of the exercise began to increase. In 2018, the size grew significantly with around 17 countries participating in the exercise.
Tags: Andaman and Nicobar islands • Exercises • India-China • Indian Navy • Indian Ocean Region
Pitch Black – 18 (PB-18), biennia multinational air exercise hosted by Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) concluded recently Darwin, Australia. It was the largest Pitch Black ever conducted by Australia, which saw participation of 16 nations and more than 140 aircraft, the current edition.
India’s Participation: In this edition of exercise, Indian Air Force (IAF) for the first time participated with air assets and in earlier exercises it had participated as observer. IAF contingent consisted of 145 air-warriors including IAF Commandos team, Garuds, four Su-30 MKI, one C-130 and one C-17 for logistic support for induction and de-induction.
Pitch Black – 18
The objectives of this exercise were to foster closer relationship between participating friendly forces and promote interoperability through exchange of knowledge and experience. Its aim was to expose participating nations to operational environment in international scenarios.
It comprised of two phases. During first phase, forces flew basic missions with aim to get to same working platform. Subsequently in second phase, missions involved larger packages and undertook simulated air combat exercises in near realistic environment and exchanged best practices towards for enhancing operational capability.
During the exercise, IAF for the first time conducted various day and night operations. It also provided it unique opportunity for exchange of knowledge and experience with participating nations in dynamic warfare environment.
Pitch Black Exercise
It is a biennial warfare exercise hosted by Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). It is normally held in Northern Australia, primarily at RAAF Bases Darwin and Tindal. The first Pitch Black exercises took place in 1981 between different RAAF units. Later in 1990, it began as training exercise between Australia and Singapore and then was expanded as multilateral exercises by inviting international air forces with which Australia has defence ties. The aim of exercise is to practice Offensive Counter Air (OCA) and Defensive Counter Air (DCA) combat, in simulated war environment. It traditionally consists of red team and blue team based at separate locations, with one attacking other.
Tags: Air Exercises • Defence • India-Australia • Indian Airforce • Multilateral exercises