Mumbai Current Affairs - 2020

India-Japan sign Rs 15,295 crores rail project

On March 27, 2020, the JICA (Japanese International Cooperation Agency), a funding agency of the Japanese Government signed an agreement with GoI for 3 mega rail infrastructure projects. The project cost has been estimated as Rs 15,295 crores


According to the agreements, Rs 8,553 crores have been granted by the JICA for phase I of the Dedicated Freight Corridors to be constructed in India. Also, JICA has granted Rs 4,262 crores for the Mumbai-Trans Harbour link project. Around Rs 2,480 crores have been granted for the Mumbai Metro Line Project.


The dedicated freight corridor aims at fulfilling the increased freight transport demand in the country. It will act as a backbone for the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor development plan.

All the three projects focus on Mumbai as the population in the metropolitan city has increased. Also, several industries have come up in the region. This will also help in reducing pollution levels in the city.

India’s first COVID-19 dedicated hospital set up by Reliance India in Mumbai with Negative Room Pressure

On March 23, 2020, Reliance had set up the first hospital of India that will operate exclusively to treat Corona Virus patients.


The Reliance Group of Companies in collaboration with Brihanmumbai Municipal corporation has set up a COVID-19 Centre at the Seven Hills Hospital in Mumbai. The centre is completely supported by Reliance Foundation. It has all required infrastructure including a negative pressure room. The Negative Room Pressure technology is used to isolate patients.

Negative Pressure Room

The Negative Pressure Room is a technique in medical centres that prevent cross-contamination. This allows air to flow into the room and prevents air from escaping out of the room.

In this technique, air is allowed to flow inside the room through a small gap under the door. The air in some cases are filtered using UV radiation or chemical means before being sent out.

How is the pressure determined in the technology?

Smoke test is used to determine negative pressure. A tube with smoke is held at the bottom of the negative pressure room door. The direction of travel of the smoke helps to determine the working of the system. If the smoke travels outwards, the room is not in negative pressure.