Myanmar Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman inaugurated the 426.60 m long Pre Stressed Concrete Box Girder type Diffo bridge over Diffo river on Roing – Koronu- Paya road in Arunachal Pradesh.
The Diffo bridge will provide for uninterrupted access between Dibang Valley and Lohit valley region of Eastern Arunachal Pradesh together with providing an all-weather road to our troops deployed on the China border.
The construction of the Bridge was undertaken by the Project Udayak of the Border Roads Organisation.
Project Udayank of the Border Roads Organisation was raised on June 1990 at Doomdooma Assam. The name of the project Udayank is synonymous to the land of rising sun which fits appropriately to the area it operates. It consists of two border road taskforces undertaking construction activities in the northeastern region.
Border Roads Organisation
Border Roads Organisation (BRO) develops and maintains road networks in India’s border areas and friendly neighbouring countries. Border Road Organisation has also undertaken the infrastructure development activities in neighbouring countries such as Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka.
During the peacetime, the BRO is vested with responsibilities to
- Develop & Maintain the Operational Road Infrastructure of General Staff (GS) in the Border Areas.
- Contribute to the Socio-Economic Development of the Border States.
During Wartime, BRO is responsible for
- Developing & Maintaining Roads to Keep Line of Control through in Original Sectors and Re-deployed Sectors.
- Executing Additional Tasks as laid down by the Govt Contributing to the War Effort.
The Border Roads Organisation works under the Ministry of Defence.
Myanmar has joined India-initiated International Solar Alliance (ISA), making it 68th signatory to Framework Agreement of ISA. The ISA Framework Agreement was handed over by Myanmar Minister for International Cooperation, Kyaw Tin to India’s External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj on sidelines of Delhi Dialogue.
International Solar Alliance (ISA)
ISA was jointly launched by India and France in November 2015 at Paris on side lines of COP21 UN Climate Change Conference. Its Framework Agreement came into force in December 2017. It celebrated its founding day on 11th March, 2018. It is headquartered at campus of Natioanl Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), Gurugram, Harayana, making it first international intergovernmental treaty based organization to be headquartered in India.
ISA is action-oriented organization that aims brings together countries with rich solar potential to aggregate global demand, thereby reducing prices through bulk purchase, facilitating deployment of existing solar technologies at scale and promoting collaborative solar R&D and capacity building.
Objectives of ISA
- Undertake joint efforts required to reduce the cost of finance and the cost of technology;
- Mobilize more than US $1000 billion of investments needed by 2030 for massive deployment of solar energy;
- Pave way for future technologies adapted to needs of solar rich 121 countries lying fully or partially between Tropic of Cancer and Capricon.
ISA’s 4 ongoing programmes
- Scaling Solar Mini Grids;
- Affordable Finance at Scale.
- Scaling Solar Applications for Agricultural Use.
- Scaling Solar Rooftop catering to the needs of solar energy in specific areas.