Myanmar Current Affairs

Operation Insaniyat: India sends second relief consignment to Bangladesh for displaced Rohingyas

India has sent Bangladesh its second relief consignment under Operation Insaniyat to help tens of thousands of displaced Rohingya Muslims who fled Myanmar into Bangladesh following military crackdown in violence-hit Rakhine state.

Key Facts

Indian Navy Ship INS Airavat carrying 373-tonne relief consignment sailed from Vishakhapatnam and reached Chattogram port (formerly Chittagong) Port. The second consignment mainly contained 104 tonnes of milk powder, 102 tonnes of dried fish, 61 tonnes of baby food, 50,000 raincoats and 50,000 pairs of gum boots. The relief is in view of specific needs of large number of Rohingya women and children living in camps and onset of monsoon. Another tranche containing 1 million litres of kerosene oil and 20,000 cooking stoves will be sent soon.

Background

Rohingya are stateless ethnic minority (mostly Muslim) from Rakhine province of Buddhist-majority Myanmar, who are forced leave their country due to communal violence and repeated military operations. According to UN estimates, over 6 lakh Rohingya Muslims have fled Myanmar’s violence hit Rakhine state into Bangladesh since August 2017 when fresh wave of violence had erupted in this province, triggering one of the world’s worst refugee crises.

The violence had started after Rohingya militants belonging to Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (also known as Harakat al-Yaqeen or Faith Movement) had attacked police posts in Myanmar’s northern Rakhine state. Following this attack, Myanmar’s military had launched violent crackdown on insurgents from Muslim Rohingya population which led to mass exodus of Rohingya Muslims into neighboring Bangladesh.

Earlier in December 2017, India had announced development assistance of US $25 million for Rakhine state. It also had sent relief materials for 300,000 Rohingyas in September 2017 under ‘Operation Insaniyat’ to support Bangladesh in its humanitarian efforts.

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APEDA to promote NE products in Bangladesh and Myanmar

The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) has taken up a programme for promotion of north eastern products in Bangladesh and Myanmar. In this regard, it has proposed to organise promotional programmes in Bangladesh and Myanmar in association with the High Commission of India in Dhaka and its Embassy in Yangon.

The export of APEDA scheduled products to Bangladesh during 2016-17 was of US $396.44 million. The major products exported to Bangladesh include rice, fruits, wheat, vegetables, maize, dairy products and pulses. The export of APEDA scheduled products for Myanmar during 2016-17 was of US $24.15 million. The major products exported to Myanmar include rice, cereal preparations, maize, rice, fruits, and vegetable seeds.

Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA)

The APEDA is an apex statutory export promotion organisation under the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry. It was established under APEDA Act, 1985. It is mandated with responsibility of promotion and development of the export of its scheduled products which includes all agricultural products.

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