Mycobacterium tuberculosis Current Affairs - 2020

Study: Impacts of COVID-19 lowered due to BCG Vaccination

Researchers of biomedical sciences of New York Institute of Technology say that the countries such as Netherlands, Italy and United States are more severely affected than countries with BCG policies. The Bacilus Calmette-Guerin vaccine that had been administered in India to protect the children against Tuberculosis, according to the study might be a game changer.

Key Highlights of the Study

Iran, according to the study started BCG programme late in 1984, had elevated mortality rate. Brazil on the other hand that began the programme early had lower mortality rate. Around 180 countries were studied. Out of these 157 are currently using BCG programme. Several European countries that have higher mortality rates have dropped the programme between 1963 and 2010.

BCG Vaccine

The vaccine is a part of universal immunization programme. The vaccine is a live weakened form of mycobacterium bovis that causes TB in cattle. The bacteria that causes TB in humans is mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Immunization Programme

India has the highest burden of TB in the world. The BCG programme was introduced in 1948 in the country. The BCG had already proved its effectiveness against SARS infection.

India’s opinion in the study

India believes that more scientific details are required to confirm the study and create an action plan based on these findings. However, Australia has already stepped into the research on the success of BCG vaccination against COVID-19

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March 24: World Tuberculosis Day

Every year, March 24 is marked as the World Tuberculosis Day. The idea was proposed by International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD). The day is also marked by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Highlights

The Day is being marked to raise public awareness about the devastating social and economic impacts caused by the disease. The Theme of 2020 World Tuberculosis Day is

Theme: It’s Time

  • To Scale up prevention and treatments
  • To build accountability
  • To build financial sustainability towards research
  • To put an end to discrimination and stigma

Significance

According to the United Nations, every day around 4,000 people lose their lives due to Tuberculosis. Also, around 30,000 people fall ill due to the disease.

Why March 24?

Every year, March 24 is being marked as World Tuberculosis Day Dr Robert Koch announced the discovery of the bacterium causing Tuberculosis on the very same day. When Koch made the announcement, the disease was deadly and was killing one out of seven people in Europe and America.

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