Nagasaki Current Affairs - 2020

April 26: International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day

Every year on April 26, the International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day is being observed. The day was proclaimed by the United Nations and was first observed in 2016.

Highlights

The International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day was first observed on the 30th anniversary of 1986 nuclear disaster. It is being marked to increase awareness about the risks of nuclear energy in general.

Chernobyl Disaster

On April 26, 1986, the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in today’s Ukraine faced a fore explosion. The reactor began to emit radioactive materials. Though, the casualties are minimal, the radioactive materials are still present in the atmosphere and are posing challenges to human survival in the region. Due to the accident, several children even today are facing thyroid, cancer in the regions of Ukraine, Russia and Belarus.

Significance

The fire explosion spread huge radioactive cloud over Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. More than 8.4 million people were exposed to radioactive waves. In 1991, the Chernobyl Trust Fund was created by the United Nations. It is now being managed by the OCHA-Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Role of United Nations

The United Nations that was formed for world peace after second world war is keen in addressing nuclear issues after the Hiroshima and Nagasaki incident.

70th anniversary of Atomic bomb dropping on Nagasaki observed

70th anniversary of dropping of disastrous Atomic bomb on Nagasaki city of Japan was observed across the world.

A solemn ceremony including ageing survivors, relatives of victims observed and guests from 75 countries was held on the ground zero by marking a minute’s silence at 11:02 am local time at which the devastating explosion took place on August 9, 1945.

Key facts

  • The atomic bomb (powerful plutonium bomb) dubbed as ‘Fat Man’ was dropped from a US Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber named the Enola Gay on Nagasaki. This bomb killed around 70 thousand people and completely destroyed entire city.
  • The bomb was dropped on Nagasaki three days after the first atomic bomb named ‘Little Boy’ was dropped in Hiroshima on 6th August, 1945 which killed around 140,000 people and destroyed entire city.
  • The twin bombings by US were dealt as the final blows to Japan which led to its unconditional surrender on August 15, 1945, bringing an end to World War.
  • It should be noted that these nuclear bombs attack on Japanese cities, are only instance in warfare history of mankind in which nuclear weapons by any country were used against another.