Namami Gange Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Road Transport & Highways and Shipping Nitin Gadkari lays foundation stone for eleven projects for Yamuna Rejuvenation under Namami Gange Programme in New Delhi.
The projects mostly for the sewerage infrastructure at various stages of implementation are taken up under the Namami Gange programme with an aim to conserve the River Yamuna in Delhi. The projects are undertaken under the Yamuna Action Plan.
Yamuna Action Plan
Yamuna Action Plan is one of the largest river restoration projects in India. Yamuna Action Plan is a bilateral project between the Government of India and Japan. The Japanese Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) is providing the financial aid to carry out the project and is being implemented by the National River Conservation Directorate, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, and the Government of India.
Namami Gange Programme integrates the efforts to clean and protect the River Ganga in a comprehensive manner. The programme was initiated in 2015 with a budget outlay of Rs. 20,000 over 5 years.
The programme focuses on pollution abatement interventions namely Interception, diversion & treatment of wastewater flowing through the open drains through bio-remediation, appropriate in-situ treatment, use of innovative technologies, treatment plants (STPs), effluent treatment plant (ETPs), rehabilitation and augmentation of existing STPs and immediate short-term measures for arresting pollution at exit points on riverfront to prevent inflow of sewage etc.
The programme also focuses on improved coordination mechanisms between various Ministries/Agencies of Central and State governments.
The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has approved new projects under Namami Gange programme in Haridwar (Uttarakhand) and Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh).
In Haridwar, 68 MLD sewage treatment plants (STP) and 14 MLD STP in Sarai was with Central government funding and also under Hybrid Annuity based PPP mode. Besides, 50 MLD sewage treatment plant at Ramana in Varana under Hybrid Annuity-based PPP mode was also approved.
About Namami Gange Programme
The programme was launched to achieve the target of cleaning Ganga River in an effective manner with the unceasing involvement of all stakeholders, especially five major Ganga basin States Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. It envisages Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure, River Surface Cleaning, River Front Development, Public Awareness and Bio-Diversity, Afforestation. It will be implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), and its state counterpart State Program Management Groups (SPMGs). It seeks to improve coordination mechanisms between various Ministries/Agencies of the Union and State governments.