Namami Gange Programme Current Affairs

NMCG approves Eight Projects under Namami Gange Programme

The Executive Committee of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has approved eight projects worth Rs. 700 crore under Namami Gange Programme

The four projects pertain to sewage management in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, three are related to treatment of drains through bio-remediation and one related to inventorization and surveillance of Ganga River.

Approved projects

Pollution abatement works: Projects like interception, diversion and treatment of sewage in Bithoor have been approved.

Sewage management: The project has been approved in Ganga River at Bally in West Bengal for construction of 40 MLD STP under Hybrid Annuity based PPP model among other works.

Similarly, construction of 65 MLD STP under Hybrid Annuity model has been approved for Bhagalpur in Bihar. In Uttar Pradesh, the project is approved for construction of two STPs (28 MLD + 05 MLD) in Farrukabad and one 2 MLD STP at Bargadiya drain in Fatehpur.

Treatment of drains using bio-remediation technology: Three projects were approved at ajapur drain and Digha drain in Patna and Laksar drain in Haridwar.

Pollution inventorization, assessment and surveillance Project: It aims to strengthen environmental regulation and water quality monitoring vis-à-vis river Ganga.

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)

NMCG is implementation wing of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (also referred as National Ganga Council). It was established in 2011 as a registered society under Societies Registration Act, 1860.

It has a two tier management structure and comprises of Governing Council and Executive Committee. Both of them are headed by Director General (DG), NMCG. Executive Committee is authorized to approve projects under mission up to Rs.1000 crore.

Similar to structure at national level, State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) acts as implementing arm of State Ganga Committees. This structure attempts to bring all stakeholders on one platform to take a holistic approach towards the task of Ganga cleaning and rejuvenation.

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Turtle Sanctuary to be set up in Allahabad

The Union Ministry of Water Resources has approved project to set up Turtle sanctuary in Allahabad along with River Biodiversity Park at Sangam in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh under Namami Gange programme.

The purpose of the Turtle sanctuary is to protect the rich aquatic biodiversity of river Ganga from escalating anthropogenic pressures.

Key Facts

The approved project includes development of River Biodiversity Park at Sangam (confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Sarasvati Rivers), establishment of Turtle Rearing Centre (Permanent nursery at Triveni Pushp and makeshift annual hatcheries) and awareness about importance of Ganga River and imperativeness of its conservation has been approved.

This project will provide platform to make the visitors aware of their place in ecosystem, their roles and responsibilities, improve their understanding of the complexity of co-existence with environment. It will also help to generate awareness for reducing impact of human activities on critical natural resources.

Need for such Projects

The sustenance of more than 2000 aquatic species including threatened gharials, dolphins and turtles in river Ganga exemplifies rich biodiversity of River Ganga which is lifeline to over 40% of India’s population. Rivers Ganga and Yamuna at Allahabad are home to some of most endangered fauna like turtles (Batagur kachuga, Batagur dhongoka, Nilssonia gangetica, Chitra indica, Hardella thurjii etc.), Gangetic dolphin- National Aquatic Animal, Gharial and numerous migratory and resident birds.

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