Napoleon Bonaparte Current Affairs - 2019

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Ex ISRO Chairman A S Kiran Kumar conferred France’s Highest Civilian Honour

On 2 May 2019 former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chairman A S Kiran Kumar was awarded France’s highest civilian honour ‘Chevalier de l’Ordre national de la Legion d’Honneur’ (or National Order of the Legion of Honour) by France’s Ambassador to India Alexandre Ziegler on behalf of French President.

Importance

  • He was awarded for his invaluable contribution in fostering historic and ambitious space cooperation between India and France.
  • Throughout his tenure in ISRO office, he worked towards development of India-France ambitious space cooperation.
  • He significantly made direct contribution in making space cooperation a cooperation of the people and also one of cornerstones of Indo-French strategic partnership.

Chevalier de l’Ordre national de la Legion d’Honneur

  • It was established in 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte and retained by all later French governments and regimes.
  • It is the highest civilian award conferred by France for outstanding service to nation, irrespective of recipient’s nationality.
  • The President of the French Republic is Grand Master of the l’Ordre national de la Legion d’Honneur.
  • It is also highest French order of merit conferred for military and civil merits. The order is divided into five degrees. The Order in increasing distinction are namely, Chevalier (Knight), Officier (Officer), Commandeur (Commander), Grand Officier (Grand Officer) and Grand-Croix (Grand Cross).

AS Kiran Kumar

  • He served as 9th Chairman ISRO’s from 2015 to 2018. He was succeeded by incumbent K Sivan (former Director of Vikram Sarabhai Space Center and Liquid Propulsion centre).

Achievements

  • He has represented ISRO at many international forums namely, World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and Indo-US Joint Working Group on Civil Space Cooperation.
  • He currently serves as chairman of ISRO Committee on Earth Observation Satellites.
  • He major significant contributions to Indian space programmes, include designing and developing electro-optical image sensors used in India’s first remote sensing satellite, Bhaskara which was launched in 1979, and credited with ocean colour instruments used in weather forecasting, sea zone and landscape mapping and telecommunications.
  • He contributed to design and development of imaging instruments for projects like INSAT–3D, Resourcesat, Micro Satellite and Cartosat.
  • He is also credited for his contribution in Terrain Mapping Camera and Hyperspectral Imager payloads of Chandrayaan-1 project.

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Father Franois Laborde conferred with Légion d’Honneur

Father Franois Laborde a 92-year-old priest from Bengal was conferred with Légion d’Honneur (Legion of Honour) in recognition of his work for specially-abled and destitute children. Father Laborde has his roots in France and is the citizen of India now.

Father Laborde has set up an organisation called Howrah South Point which works for the development of specially-abled children, the destitute and the most deprived sections of the society.

Father Franois Laborde is the third person from the state of West Bengal to have been awarded the Legion of Honor. The honour has already been bestowed upon film maestro Satyajit Ray and actor Soumitra Chatterjee. Both of them also hails from the state of West Bengal.

Légion d’Honneur (Legion of Honour)

Légion d’Honneur (Legion of Honour) officially National Order of the Legion of Honour was instituted by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1802 as a general military and civil order of merit conferred without regard to birth or religion provided that anyone admitted swears to uphold liberty and equality.

The honour has been retained by all later French governments and regimes. It is the highest civilian award given by the French government for outstanding service and excellence in any field regardless of the nationality of the recipients.

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