Narcotics Control Bureau Current Affairs - 2019

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Supreme Court issues notice to Centre on PIL against notification under IT Act

The Supreme Court has issued a notice to the Central government on PIL which questioned the notification authorising 10 central agencies to intercept, monitor and decrypt any computer system.

What was the notification?

Under the notification, the central government had empowered 10 agencies, Intelligence Bureau, Narcotics Control Bureau, Enforcement Directorate, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (for Income Tax Department), Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, Central Bureau of Investigation, National Investigation Agency, the Research and Analysis Wing, Directorate of Signal Intelligence (in service areas of J-K, North East and Assam) and Delhi Police commissioner to intercept, monitor and decrypt any computer system.

PIL challenges the Notification

The notification is challenged on the following grounds:

  • The notification was illegal, unconstitutional and ultra vires to the law.
  • The notification gives State the right to access every communication, computer and mobile and to use it to protect the political interest and object of the present executive political party.
  • The notification was an attempt to create a surveillance state.

The PIL also sought to prohibit the agencies from initiating any criminal proceedings, enquiry or investigation against anybody under the provisions of the IT Act based on the notification. The Supreme Court issuing a notice to the central government and has asked to respond in six weeks.

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First National Conference on Drug Law Enforcement held in New Delhi

The first-ever National Conference on Drug Law Enforcement was held in New Delhi. It was inaugurated by Minister of State for Home Affairs Hansraj Gangaram Ahir. The 2-day conference was organized by Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB), Ministry of Home Affairs.

Key Facts

More than 50 State and Central law enforcement agencies involved in combating drug trafficking had participated in this Conference. The working sessions of conference focused on various topics such as ‘Wider context of drug trafficking in India’, ‘Financial Investigations’ and ‘Foreign & Cyber Investigations’. During these sessions various agencies gave presentations. United Nations (UN) and other foreign law enforcement agencies also shared their experiences.

Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB)

NCB is nodal drug law enforcement and intelligence agency of India. It is responsible for fighting drug trafficking and the abuse of illegal substances. It functions under Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and is headquartered in New Delhi.

It was established in March 1986 to enable full implementation of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 and fight its violation through Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1988.

Mandate

  • Fight drug trafficking on all-India level.
  • Provide resources and training to personnel of India’s law enforcement agencies in fighting drug trafficking
  • Monitor India’s frontiers to track down points where smuggling activities take place with foreign traffickers.
  • Work in close cooperation with Customs and Central Excise, State Police Department, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Central Economic Intelligence Bureau (CEIB) and other Indian intelligence and law enforcement agencies both at the national and states level.

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