Narendra Modi Current Affairs - 2019

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Modi is not the first instance when CM becomes PM

Prime Minister-to-be Narendra Modi is not the first Chief Minister to ascend to the seat of the head of Government of India. The distinction goes to former Karnataka CM H.D. Deve Gowda, who, moved to the post of Prime Minister in 1996.

Mr. Gowda resigned as Chief Minister and gave up his membership of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly after he was named PM. The Constitution of India permits a person, who enjoys the support of the majority of Lok Sabha MPs, to be sworn in as PM without being a member of either the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha.

However, the person has to get elected to either House of Parliament within a period of 6 months. Mr. Gowda chose to become a member of the Rajya Sabha.

Narendra Modi’s Case:

Because Mr. Modi is already elected as a member of the Lok Sabha from Vadodara and Varanasi, he will have to step down as CM and resign as the member of the Gujarat Assembly as well as one of the two Lok Sabha seats he has been elected. As per the law, an individual cannot be a member of the Lok Sabha/ Rajya Sabha as well as the Legislative Assembly. The person has to give up his membership of one of the two within 14 days of the notification of the election result by the Election Commission. The same rule applies to a person who is elected from more than one Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly seat.

The unique case of Narasimha Rao:

The case of the late Narasimha Rao is one of its kind. He had almost retired from politics and did not fight the 1991 Lok Sabha (LS) polls. But the situation took a sharp turn with the assassination of Congress prime ministerial candidate Rajiv Gandhi at Sriperumbudur in Tamil Nadu, where he was campaigning for the same LS elections.

The Congress won the elections and the party proposed Sonia Gandhi to be the PM but she declined the proposal. Then Mr. Rao, who had the support of Ms. Gandhi, was chosen for the job of Prime Minister. Subsequently, he contested a by-election from the Nandyal Lok Sabha constituency in Andhra Pradesh and won with a record margin of over 5 lakh votes as the Telugu Desam Party endorsed his political campaign in the name of “Telugu pride”.

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“3D Hologram Technology” used to broadcast Narendra Modi’s rallies all over India

Screenshot_3BJP’s prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi is using the advanced 3D hologram technology, to address around 1,000 rallies in different States on the same day.

How Narendra Modi’s live rallies on a single day at several places is made possible ?

This has been made possible by the use of 3D-Hologram Technology. BJP is performing virtual campaigns using 3-D hologram technology in such a large scale for communication during the election period. With the use of 3D Hologram Technology, Modi addresses lakhs of people at the same time, sitting at one place.

Narendra Modi had previously also used this technology. It was used by him for the first time for his election meetings in 2012 to address voters over 53 locations in Gujarat simultaneously.

What Is Holography?

Holography is the science of producing holograms. This advanced form of photography permits the light scattered from an object to be recorded in 3 dimensions and later reconstructed.

Background:

Screenshot_4The 1948 paper by Dennis Gabor, considered as the Father of Holography and Holographic Technologies, is the foundation for modern Holography. The interesting thing about his paper was that laser light had not even been invented till the time Dennis wrote his paper.

Timeline:

  • 1948: Dennis Gabor developed the theory of Holography
  • 1960: Pulsed Ruby Laser was developed
  • 1962: White Light Reflection Hologram were developed
  • 1983: Master Card became the first Credit Card to use Holograms
  • 2009: Interactive Holographic displays developed
  • 2010: Development of Moving 3D Holograms

Hologram Properties:

Screenshot_5A Hologram when looked from various angles, projects different perspectives. It normally looks like a glittering picture or smear of colors and if cut in half, each half comprises of whole views of the entire holographic image.

How 3D Holographic Projection Technology used in Narendra Modi’s campaign works?

The technology used in Narendra Modi’s campaign is based on “Hi-Definition Projection Technology”. The technique Narendra Modi is captured in a 3D Aspect with a Special Hi-Definition Camera on a specially built Stage and then Projected “As Is” at several remote locations “At-A-Time”. This necessitates the use of a laser, interference, diffraction, and light intensity recording and suitable illumination of the recording. The image alters as the position and orientation of the viewing system alters. The public (audience) at the other end of the stage experience the presence of Narendra Modi (projected ‘Virtual” person) in front of them and, without even wearing any kind of 3D glasses.

Holography may be viewed as analogous to sound recording, in which a sound field created by a vibrating material viz. musical instrument or vocal cord, is encoded in such a manner that it can be reproduced afterwards, without the presence of the original vibrating matter. Similarly, in Holography a light field (produced from a light source scattered off objects) is recorded and afterwards reconstructed when the original light field is no longer present, because of the absence of the original object.

[icon name=”icon-hand-right”]This technique is grounded on “Pepper’s ghost”, a theatre proficiency used for centuries in plays and magic tricks for developing illusions.  In the ingenious re-imagining of the Pepper’s Ghost technique a patented foil, completely invisible to the naked eye, is rigged at 4 all over the stage. The stage reflects back the content from the projector upwards to the foil which gives a feeling of a real 3D moving live image on the stage.

Based on Pepper’s ghost illusion technique

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A Model of Stage setup used in Narendra Modi’s virtual rallies

Screenshot_7

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