Narendra Modi Current Affairs - 2020

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Cabinet apprised of Indo-German strategic collaboration on Railways

Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi was notified of Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) between India and Germany regarding strategic cooperation on Railways projects.  The Joint Declaration of Intent was signed by Union Ministry of Railways with Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy of Federal Republic of Germany in November 2019.

Significance: Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) will provide a platform to Indian Railways to interact and share latest developments and knowledge in field of Railways. JDI will also facilitate exchange of meetings, information, technical visits, expert seminars, as well as implementation of Indo-German jointly agreed cooperation projects.


Railways Ministry signed a Memorandums of Understanding (MoU)/ Memorandums of Cooperation (MoC)/ Joint Declarations of Intent (JDI)/ Administrative Arrangements (AA) for technical cooperation in rail sector with various foreign Governments and National Railways in respect of identified areas of cooperation, which includes development of world class stations, high speed rail, speed raising of existing routes, heavy haul operations as well as modernization of rail infrastructure among others. They will also facilitate exchange of technical documents and reports, technical experts, training and seminars/ workshops focusing on specific technology areas as well as other interactions for knowledge sharing.

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India-Myanmar MoU on bilateral cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons

Union Cabinet has approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between India and Myanmar on bilateral cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons; Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Re-integration of victims of Trafficking. The cabinet was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Key Highlights of MoU


  • To increase bilateral cooperation on the issues of prevention, rescue, recovery and repatriation related to victims of human Trafficking as well as to strengthen friendship bonds between India-Myanmar
  • To strengthen cooperation for preventing all forms of human trafficking and protecting and assisting victims of trafficking.


Prevent trafficking in persons by strengthening immigration and border controls cooperation and implementation of strategies with relevant Ministries and Organizations of both the countries.

Set up Working Groups or Task Force to make efforts to prevent human trafficking as well as undertake Capacity building programmes for the agencies concerned of both countries.

Developing and sharing database on traffickers and victims of trafficking in a safe and confidential manner and exchanging information via designated focal points of India and Myanmar.

Formulating and adopting Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Integration of the victims of trafficking and at the same time ensuring speedy investigation and prosecution of traffickers and organized crime syndicates in either country.


Human Trafficking has national and international consequence therefore its complex nature calls for a multidimensional strategy in tackling it at both domestic/regional/international level. Being global in scope, international cooperation and collaboration is essential to check trafficking in persons.

Moreover, strengthening cooperation between India’s and Myanmar’s border control agencies as well as establishing direct channels of communication can be an effective tool in countering trafficking in persons and promoting cross-border and regional cooperation.

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