National Current Affairs - 2019

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7 December: International Civil Aviation Day

The International Civil Aviation Day is observed every year on 7 December across the world to generate and reinforce worldwide awareness of importance of international civil aviation to social and economic development.

It also seeks to highlight unique role of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in helping member states to cooperate and realize a truly global rapid transit network at the service of all mankind.

Background

The International Civil Aviation Day was established in 1994 as part of ICAO’s 50th anniversary activities. It was officially recognised in the UN system by the UN General Assembly in 1996. On this day in 1944, participants from 54 nations gathered in Chicago, US had signed Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known more popularly as the ‘Chicago Convention’. Since then, the defining international agreement has permitted global civil aviation system to develop peacefully, in manner benefitting all nations across the world.

EC to host 4th General Assembly of Association of World Election Bodies

Election Commission of India (ECI) is hosting 4th General Assembly of Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) at Bengaluru, Karnataka from 2 to 4, September, 2019. At the same time, India will take over as A-WEB’s Chair for 2019-21 term.

4th General Assembly of A-WEB

It will be presided by Chief election commissioner Sunil Arora. Its deliberations includes discussions on challenges and furthering partnership among election management bodies (EMB) and programmes to be undertaken by A-WEB in 2019-20. It will see participation of over 120 participants from 50 countries in various A-WEB events. It is said to be the largest congregation of EMB delegates in India.

Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB)

It is the largest and first global association of Election Management Bodies (EMBs) worldwide. It was established in 2013 in Song-do, South Korea.. Its permanent secretariat is located at Seoul, South Korea. At present, it has 115 EMBs as Members & 20 Regional Associations/Organisations as Associate Members.

Under the slogan of ‘Democracy to Grow for All Worldwide’, its secretariat provides-

(i) Training programs for election officials of member nations

(ii) Undertakes country programs at request of member organization

(iii) Provides support during election cycle to boost election management capacity.