National AYUSH Mission Current Affairs - 2019
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The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) under the Ministry of AYUSH is implementing following schemes to encourage farming/cultivation, conservation, processing and promotion of medicinal plants throughout the country:
National AYUSH Mission (NAM)
The large scale farming/cultivation of medicinal plants is being supported under the ‘Medicinal Plants’ component of the National AYUSH Mission (NAM). The scheme provides support for:
- Cultivation of prioritized medicinal plants on farmer’s land.
- Establishment of nurseries for the supply of quality planting material.
- Post-harvest management.
- Primary processing, marketing infrastructure etc.
Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants
The central sector scheme Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants provides project-based support for following activities:
- In-situ conservation through the development of Medicinal Plants Conservation and Development Areas (MPCDAs).
- In-situ/Ex-situresource augmentation.
- Ex-situ conservation through the establishment of herbal gardens.
- Livelihood linkages with Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) / Panchayats / Van Panchayats / Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) / Self Help Groups (SHGs).
- IEC activities like Training / workshops / Seminars/ Conferences etc.
- Research & Development.
- Promotion of marketing and trade of medicinal plants produce.
Voluntary Certification Scheme for Medicinal Plants Produce
The scheme is aimed to encourage Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) and Good Field Collection Practices (GFCPs) in medicinal plants and enhance the quality and safety of their produce.
As per information of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI), an organization under the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change estimated more than 8,000 species of medicinal plants are found in India.
The Union Cabinet has given its approval for continuation of centrally sponsored scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) from April 2017 to March 2020 with an outlay of Rs. 2400 crore over 3 year period to provide cost effective AYUSH services.
National AYUSH Mission (NAM)
The NAM was launched in September 2014. It is being implemented by Ministry of AYUSH with the objective of providing cost-effective universal access to AYUSH Services. It aims to address gaps in health services through supporting efforts of State/UTs for providing AYUSH health services and education in country, particularly in vulnerable and far-flung areas.
The NAM intends to build on India’s unmatched heritage represented by its ancient systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Yunani, Sidhha, Unani and Homeopathy (AYUSH), which are treasure house of knowledge for preventive and promotive health care.
Expected outcomes of NAM
Better access to AYUSH healthcare services through increased number of healthcare facilities offering them and better availability of medicines and trained manpower. Improvement in AYUSH education through well-equipped enhanced number of AYUSH Educational institutions.
Improved availability of quality AYUSH drugs by increased number of quality pharmacies and Drug Testing Laboratories coupled with stringent enforcement mechanism. Increased awareness and acceptance of Yoga and Naturopathy as promotive and preventive health-care systems. Meet increasing domestic demand for herbal raw-materials and also to promote export.