National Bamboo Mission Current Affairs - 2019

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Home minister inaugurates North East Handloom and Handicraft exhibition

During his maiden visit to Mizoram, Home Minister Amit Shah inaugurated the North East Handloom and Handicraft Exhibition, 2019.

The exhibition is funded by the North Eastern Council. It has participants from the other North Eastern States as well. The Home Minister highlighted on recent developing projects like National Bamboo Mission, rail links between Vairabi and Aizwal, Rs 40 crore hopital projects, Broad Gauge rail projects, the land border agreement with Myanmar. He also announced that the centre is planning to allocate Rs 300 crore more funds to 50 more North East Council projects

National Bamboo Mission

The mission was launched in April 2018. IT aims to increase area under bamboo cultivation and also adopting region based strategies to promote bamboo products.

In India Bamboo covers 13.96 million hectares. The mission has special cover the North Eastern States. They encourage Bamboo cultivation to make sure the grass is available in the manufacturing process of Bamboo handicrafts. Apart from North Eastern Regions, the mission is also spread across Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Karnataka, Odisha, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh.

Broad Gauge rail projects

In March 2019, the Railway Minister announced that the North Eastern Capitals would be connected by broad Gauge. The target for completion of the project is set as 2020.

North East Council

The Council is the nodal agency for economic and social development of the North Eastern Region. It was established in 1971 under the North East Council Act 1971. According to the act, the council coordinated development facilitating cooperation with the states. The act was amended in 2002 to function as a regional planning body. In June 2018, the Union Cabinet approved the nomination of Union Home Minister as the ex – offico Chairman of the North Eastern Council. The Governors and the Chief Ministers of all the 8 states are members of the council.

Initiatives to reduce carbon emissions from Farming

Recognising the need to cut down on carbon emissions to tackle climate change, the government of India has taken the following steps to reduce the emissions from the farm sector:

  • Crop diversification programme under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), National Food Security Mission (NFSM) and Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI).
  • Increasing the area under System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as an alternative to the widely used practice of transplanted paddy.
  • Deployment of zero tillage drill machines and other residue management equipment to enable planting of Rabi crop in the standing residue of rice crop to avoid stubble burning.
  • Adopting the practices like alternate wetting and drying, direct seeded rice system of rice cultivation, use of slow-release nitrogen fertilizers, integrated nutrient management practices, leaf colour chart-based nitrogen application, use of urea super granules etc in rice cultivation.
  • Neem coating of urea.
  • Planting of trees under National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI), Sub-Mission on Agro-Forestry (SMAF) and National Bamboo Mission (NBM).
  • Spreading of micro irrigation under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)-Per Drop More Crop
  • Models of Integrated Farming System (IFS) have been developed for replication in Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) and in the States for enabling climate-resilient agriculture and cutting down the carbon emissions.

Together with above initiatives, various sub-programmes initiated by government like Soil Health Card (SHC), Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), Mission Organic for Value Chain Development for North East (MOVCD), Rainfed Area Development (RAD), Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) and National Bamboo Mission (NBM) are contributing towards cutting down of carbon emissions from farm sector.