National Crime Records Bureau Current Affairs - 2019
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Maharashtra became first state in the country to adopt an Automated Multi-modal Biometric Identification System (AMBIS) i.e. digital fingerprint and iris scanning system to help police investigations. This system will soon be replicated by police forces of other states in the country.
Automated Multi-modal Biometric Identification System (AMBIS)
Composition: AMBIS unit comprises computer terminal, camera, and iris, fingerprint, and palm scanners. It also includes portable system to dust off and capture fingerprints from crime scenes.
It can be integrated with facial recognition from CCTV cameras that enables police to cross-reference and apart from solving fresh crimes it can even put faces to criminals whose fingerprints have been captured on paper for more than decades.
AMBIS is updated version of Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS), which has been used by Indian law enforcement agencies to search finger and palm prints. It will replace AFIS which has limited utility, providing only one-to-one fingerprint matches as compared multimodal matches possible with AMBIS.
It also matches standard requirements set by United States National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Implementation: Before its formal launch, system was introduced at selected Mumbai based police stations that have upgraded tech infrastructure like Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS). Now it will be rolled out in the 1,160 police stations, 7 police ranges, 10 central jails, 12 police training centres, and 4 fingerprint bureaus in Maharashtra.
Way forward: AMBIS adopted by Maharashtra Police will soon be replicated across country. State government is working with National Crime Records Bureau to create standards to be used by other state police forces.
Tags: AMBIS • Automated Fingerprint Identification System • Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS) • digital fingerprint • iris scanning
The Centre government has appointed senior Indian Police Service (IPS) officer V.S. Kaumudi as Director General of Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) by lowering the post to the rank of Additional Director General.
- The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet comprising of Prime Minister of India (who is the Chairman) and Minister of Home Affairs, approved the proposal made by Union Ministry of Home Affairs for appointing V.S. Kaumudi as Director General (ADG level) BPR&D by temporarily downgrading the DG post to level of Additional Director General (Level-15 of Pay Matrix)
- He will be succeeding IPS officer Sudeep Lakhtakia, a 1984 batch IPS officer.
- Term: His appointment as DG of BPR&D will be for a period of two years or until further orders, whichever is earlier.
About IPS V.S. Kaumudi
- He is a 1986 batch IPS officer of Andhra Pradesh cadre.
- At present she is serving as Additional Director General (ADG) in Central Reserve.
About Bureau of Police Research and Development
- BPRD was established in 1970 under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
- It is a federal law enforcement agency with headquarters in New Delhi.
- It is a national police organisation to study, research and develop (R&D) on subjects and issues related to policing for the purpose of modernisation of police forces.
- In 2017, Union government merged Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD) with National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) for improving administrative efficiency and optimally utilising resources related to policing. This new merged entity is headed by Director General (DG) of BPRD, and NCRB Director, an Additional DG rank post will report to the former.