National Crime Records Bureau Current Affairs - 2020

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Odisha to set up 45 fast track courts

Odisha Government has decided to set up 45 fast track courts in the State, to expedite the trial of cases relating to women and children. The State government’s action comes after Centre has decided to formulate a scheme for setting up 1,023 fast track special courts for expeditious trial and disposal of rape cases. For this purpose, the Union Law and Justice Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad has asked States and Chief Justices of High Courts to expedite investigation in cases of rape and those registered under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.

Key Highlights

The fast track courts will function under Additional District Judges as per provisions of Orissa Civil Courts Act, 1984. Out of these 45 fast track courts being set up in Odisha, 21 courts would be dedicated for cases of rape and sexual harassment of women and the remaining 24 fast track courts will specifically deal with Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) cases.

Once set up, the courts that deal with only rape incidents will expeditiously dispose of long pending cases in the Sessions Courts. At present, Odisha has over 15.65 lakh pending cases, including crimes against women.

NOTE: As per the annual crime data released by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) recently, 94.7% cases related to crime against women are pending at hearing stage.

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NCRB Report: Accidental and Suicidal Deaths in India – Farm suicides decline

The National Crime Records Bureau released the “Accidental and Suicidal Deaths in India report” on November 8, 2019. According to the report, the suicides in the cities were 10.6 in 2015 and it reduced to 10.3 in 2016. The data was released for 36 states and Union Territories and 53 metropolitan cities.

Highlights of the report

  • Around 8.684 deaths occurred due to natural forces. Out of this, 38.2% were due to lighting, 8.9% were due to floods and 15.4% were due to sun stroke.
  • Out of all the accidental and suicidal deaths 43.4% were due to traffic accidents, 7.3% were due to drowning, 10.2% were due to sudden deaths, 5.6% were due to poisoning, 4.1% were due to accidental fires.
  • Around 4,09,537 persons died in accidental deaths in 2016

Highlights of the report: Farm Report

  • Number of farmers who committed suicide in the year 2015 were 8,007 and in 2016 the number came down to 6,270
  • The suicides of farm workers increased from 4595 in 2015 to 5109 in 2016
  • Maharashtra had the highest number of farmer suicide followed by Karnataka, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Chattisgarh.
  • The major cause of farmer suicides was indebtedness. Apart from this the other reasons were illness and alcohol addiction.

The report published was for the year 2016. Data collection for the year 2017 and 2018 accidental and suicides have begun in July 2019 and will be published by December 31, 2019.

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