National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project Current Affairs
India’s first automatic Early Warning Dissemination System (EWDS) will be commissioned by March 2018 in Odisha. The project aims to establish fool-proof communication system to address existing gaps in disseminating disaster warning up to community level.
The EWDS is a first-of-its-kind automatic public address system in the country. The project is being implemented under National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project with World Bank’s help. It will provide Odhisa’s entire population residing on 480 km length coastline a pre-warning siren in event of occurrence of natural disasters like tsunami or cyclone. It will help to warn vast population of state residing along its coast from State headquarters through loud sirens from towers installed at 122 locations in six coastal districts in event of occurrence of natural disasters like a tsunami or cyclone. The districts are Balasore, Bhadrak, Kendrapara, Jagatsinghpur, Puri and Ganjam.
How EWDS Works?
The EWDS comprises certain devices inbuilt into it like as Satellite-Based Mobile Data Voice Terminals (SBMDVT), Digital Mobile Radio (DMR), Mass Messaging System (MMS) and Universal Communication Interface (UCI) which help in inter-operability among different communication technologies.
Whenever, there is slightest hint of disasters like tsunami or cyclone or any other natural calamity, it will broadcast warning to entire state just by press of button from control room in state capital Bhubeneswar. With press of button, loud sirens will go off at same time and warning sound will heard in localities to radius of 1.5 km. With this pre-warning, EWDS will help people to move to safer places before government agencies start evacuation.
On 11 August 2015 Government of India and the World Bank signed the Financing Agreement for the assistance of National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project- I & II (NCRMP- I & II) for $ 104.00 Million and $ 308.40 Million respectively.
The two separate financing agreements were signed for NCRMP- I & II under a common objective for coastal states to mitigate vulnerability to the cyclone and hazards prone coastal communities.
NCRMP-I covers States of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.
NCRMP-II covers States of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and West Bengal
The agreement for the project with respect to these state were signed by the representatives of the respective State Governments.
Objective of NCRMP-I&II
It proposes to reduce vulnerability to cyclone and other hydro-meteorological hazards of coastal communities in the respective States through;
- Establishing Early Warning Dissemination System (EWDS) and Capacity building for coastal communities.
- By increasing the capacity of the State entities to effectively plan for and respond to disasters.
- Establishing Cyclone Risk Mitigation Infrastructure and early warning systems benefitting coastal communities in the target states.
- Financing technical assistance for strengthening of multi-hazard risk management at the national level.
- Supporting Project Management and Implementation of project.
Implementation: The project is implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs through National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and executed by the respective State Disaster Management Authorities at the State level.