National Deworming Day Current Affairs - 2020

February 10: National Deworming Day

Every year National Deworming Day is observed twice on February 10th and August 10th. The event is observed by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The implementing agency under the ministry is National Health Mission.

The worms mainly spreads from the faeces of people who defecate in open.

Highlights

On the Deworming Day, the deworming tablet Albendazole is administered to children. The event is being observed twice a day since 2015. In the first round, 8.9 crore children in the age of 1-19 years were covered. Every year, the coverage of children were increased. In February 2019, 22.12 crore children were infected.

Significance

WHO data says that there are around 241 million children in India in the age group of 1 to 14 years that are affected due to parasitic intestinal worms. This says that India accounts to 28% of total number of children who are at the risk of parasitic intestinal infections.

Worm infections lead to anemia, malnutrition, diarrhea and loss of appetite.

Health Ministry conducts 8th round of National Deworming Day campaign

The Health Ministry undertook the 8th round of National Deworming Day campaign across the country on 8th February to reduce the prevalence of parasitic intestinal worms among children.

National Deworming Day

National Deworming Day is aimed at deworming all preschool and school-age children (enrolled and non-enrolled) between the ages of 1-19 years through the platform of schools and Anganwadi Centers to improve their overall health, nutritional status, access to education and quality of life. Albendazole tablets are orally administered for the children during the programme.

The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India is the nodal agency for the implementation of the National Deworming Day. The National Deworming Day is implemented by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare in association with the Department of School Education and Literacy under the Ministry of Human Resource and Development, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Urban Development, and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs).

Bi-annual round of deworming is recommended in the States where the prevalence of Soil-Transmitted Helminths infection is more than 20% and annual round in other states. Only two States namely Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh have reported less than 20% prevalence and have been recommended for the annual round.