National Disaster Management Authority Current Affairs - 2019
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The amicus curiae Jacob P. Alex appointed by the Kerala High Court to assist it in flood-related cases has submitted the report to the Kerala High Court. The report makes the following observations:
- The sudden release of water simultaneously from different reservoirs during the heavy rain in August 2018 had aggravated the damage during the floods.
- High reservoir storage and sudden release of water had resulted in worsening the floods.
- It appeared that dams in the State did not have an effective flood control zone and flood cushions. The flood cushion or flood control zone is a temporary storage space for absorbing high flow for alleviating downstream flood damage.
- None of the 79 dams in the State were operated or used for the purpose of flood control and moderation, despite the obligation to utilise them for flood control as per the stipulations under the National Water Policy, National Disaster Management Authority guidelines on the flood.
- Various alerts (blue/orange/red) were issued not in accordance with the EAP (Emergency Action Plan) guidelines.
- No proper follow-up action and effective precautionary steps, especially for evacuating people and accommodating them in safe locations, were taken after the issue of red alert.
- None of the dams had EAP (Emergency Action Plan) despite the mandate of the National Disaster Management Authority to have it by 2009.
- Most of the major reservoirs were almost full before the extreme rainfall and they did not have the capacity to accommodate the additional flow, compelling the authorities to release a substantial amount of water from reservoirs in a short span of time at the peak of the rainfall.
- Almost all dams released water only after the water level crossed the FRL (Full Reservoir Level) or reached the MWL (maximum water level).
- Dam managers should not have solely relied on the IMD prediction for dam management and variation in India Meteorological Department forecast could not be a justification for delayed release of water from dams.
Emergency Action Plan
Emergency Action Plan is a written document prepared by the dam operator and it contained plans to prevent or lessen the impact of a failure of the dam or appurtenant structure.
International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure was organised at Delhi by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in collaboration with United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), and in partnership with the Global Commission on Adaptation, United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank.
International Agreement for Disaster-Resilient Infrastructure
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), 2015-2030
The agreement is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda which identifies investing in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) for resilience and to build back better in reconstruction as priorities for action towards reducing disaster risk.
Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 9 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) recognizes disaster resilient infrastructure as a crucial driver of economic growth and development.
Objectives of the Workshop
- Identify good practices of disaster risk management in key infrastructure sectors.
- Identify specific areas and pathways for collaborative research on DRI (Transport, Energy, Telecom and Water).
- Discuss and co-create the broad contours of the Coalition for Disaster-Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) as well as a notional roll-out plan for the next three years.
- Build a forum for members to work on areas of common interest and make specific commitments.
The workshop brought together countries from different parts of the world, multilateral development banks, UN agencies, academia and research institutions, the private sector, academics and policy think tanks to discuss and collaborate on promoting policies and practices towards achieving disaster resilience of large infrastructure systems.
Tags: Disaster Resilient Infrastructure • National Disaster Management Authority • NDMA • Sendai Framework • Sustainable Development Goals • UNDP • UNISDR • United Nations Development Programme • United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction • World Bank